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unit 3

causes and effects of the age of discovery

Target A: Who was Prince Henry the Navigator? The prince of Portugal who created a school of navigation souring on the Age of Exploration
Target A: Why did Europeans set sail to explore? To create empires, to search of new markets and economic opportunities, and to spread Christianity
Target B: Who was Vasco de Gama? Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia
Target B: Who was Christopher Columbus? Spanish sailor from Italy who sailed West to get East and discovered the "Americas" in the process
Target B: Who was Hernando Cortes? A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire in modern-day Mexico
Target B: Who was Francisco Pizarro? A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan civilization of Andean Peru and Chile
Target B: Who was Ferdinand Magellan? A Spanish mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth
Target B: Who was Sir Francis Drake? The first Englishman credited with circumnavigating the Earth
Target B: Who was Jacques Cartier? A French mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a Northwest passage
Target D: What was the Old World? Europe, Africa, and Asia
Target D: What was the New World? The Americas
Target D: What was the Columbian Exchange? The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New Worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus
Target D: What went from the Old to New World in the Columbian Exchange? Largely diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus, as well
Target D: What went from the New World to the Old World in the Columbian Exchange? Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc.
Target D: What legacy did the colonial governments of Latin America leave? A rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government
Target D: What caused the African slave trade? The death of the indigenous population of the Americas
Target D: What was the Middle Passage? The journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas
Target D: What was the Triangular Trade? The trade of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas- from Europe, manufactured goods, from African salves, and from Americas raw materials
Target D: How did the the African slave trade affect Africa? Depleted their population of the fittest members of society and led to intertribal warfare
Target D: What was mercantilism? Monopolistic trade system between mother country and colonies benefiting the mother country
Target D: What was the Commercial Revolution? The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe
Created by: mytutorfriend