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Unit 3

Causes and Effects of the Age of Discovery

TermDefinition
Prince Henry the Navigator A Portuguese prince who created a school of navigation, spurring on the Age of Exploration
Reasons for Europeans' Exploration Europeans desired to create empires, to search out new markets and economic opportunities, and to spread Christianity
Vasco de Gama A Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia
Christopher Columbus An Italian sailor sent by Spain to reach Asia in the East by sailing West across the Atlantic Ocean and "discovered" the Americas in the process
Hernando Cortes A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire in modern-day Mexico
Francisco Pizarro A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan civilization of Andean Peru and Chile
Ferdinand Magellan A Spanish mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth
Sir Francis Drake The first Englishman credited with circumnavigating the Earth
Jacques Cartier A French mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a Northwest Passage
The Old World Europe, Africa, and Asia
The New World The Americas
The Columbian Exchange The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus
Old World --> New World Mostly diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus, as well
New World --> Old World Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc.
Colonial Governments in Latin America Left a rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government
Causes of the African Slave Trade The death of the indigenous populations of the Americas and the demand for a new source of labor
The Middle Passage The journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas
Triangular Trade The trade of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas - Europe exported manufactured goods, Africa exported slaves, and the Americas exported raw materials
Effects of African Slave Trade in Africa Depletion of the fittest members of the population and intertribal warfare
Mercantilism Monopolistic trade system between a mother country and its colonies benefitting the mother country
The Commercial Revolution The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe
Created by: FordSB21