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Ch 27 Vocab

TermDefinition
Conscription Military draft
Mobilization The process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war
Propaganda Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a Cause
trench warfare Fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire as in World War I
War of Attrition A war based on wearing down the other side with constant attacks and heavy losses, such as World War I
Total War A war that involved the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefield
Planned Economies An economic system directed by government agencies
Soviets Russian Councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
War Communism In World War I Russia, government control of banks and most industries, the seizing of grain from peasants, and centralization of state administration under communist control
Abdicate To formally give up control of a country or state
Armistice A truce or an agreement to end fighting.
Mandate A territory temporarily governed by another country on behalf of the League of Nations.
Reparation A payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of war
Battle of the Marne A WWI battle fought from 6-10 September 1914. It resulted in an Allied Victory against the German armies in the west
Battle of Verdun
Fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was the largest and longest battle of the first world war on the Western Front between The German and French armies
Triple Alliance A secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente An agreement between the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Von Schlieffen Plan The German army's plan for war against France and Russia
Assassination in Sarajevo The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
Western Front Belgium, France, and Western Germany
Eastern Front Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe
Indian Front Fought against Germany
Gallipoli A campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula
Lusitania A British Ocean Liner that was in operation during the early 20th centurt
Bolsheviks A member of the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which was renamed the Communist Party after seizing power in the October Revolution of 1917
Woodrow Wilson An American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921
Paris Peace Conference The meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of WWI to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers
14 Point Plan A statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I
League of Nations An intergovernmental organization founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference
Article 231 The War Guilt Clause
Versailles Treaty Ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers
Created by: Wallaby