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Unit 3 review

Causes and Effects of the Age of Discovery

Who was Prince Henry the Navigator? The prince of Portugal who created a school of navigation souring on the Age of Exploration
Why did Europeans set sail to explore? To create empire, to search for new markets and economic opportunities, and to spread christianity
Who was Vasco De Gama? Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia
Who was Christopher Columbus? Spanish Sailor who sailed west o get East and discovered the Americas in the process
Who was Hernando Cortes? A spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire in modern-day Mexico
Who was Francisco Pizarro? A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Civilization of Peru and Chile
Who was Ferdinand Magellan? Spanish Mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth
Who was Sir Francis Drake? The Englishman credited with circumnavigating the Earth
Who was Jacques Cartier? A French Mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a Northwest passage
What was the Old World? Europe,Africa, and Asia
What was the New World? The Americas
What was the Columbian exchange? The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus
What went from the Old to the New world in the Columbian exchange? Largely diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus as well
What went from the New to the Old world in the Columbian exchange? Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc
What legacy did the colonial governments in Latin america leave? A rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government
What caused the African slave trade? The death of the indigenous population of the Americas
What was the middle passage? The journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas
What was the Triangular Trade? The trade of goods between Europe,Africa, and the Americas- from Europe, manufactured goods, from Africa slaves, and from the Americas raw materials
How did the African slave trade affect Africa? Depleted their population of the fittest members of society & led to intertribal warfare
What was mercantilism? Monopolistic trade system between mother country and colonies benefiting the mother country
What was the Commercial Revolution? The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe
Created by: Lauraarboleda