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PCS Global 1

Vocabulary #11

TermDefinition
Hinduism The Vedas are considered sacred. There is one God who takes many forms. The goal of this religion is to achieve Moksha and one can do this through having good Karma and Dharma and through reincarnation. Ahimsa
Government the group of people that has power to make laws and important decisions for a community
Empire a group of once separate areas ruled by a single person or government
Christianity Religion that started around 30 CE in Palestine after the death of Jesus
Judaism Religion that started around 2000 BCE in Palestine where they believe in one God
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family or group
Belief System a set of ideas and practices that help explain the origins of life
Legalism a school of a Chinese philosophy that grew popular during the Warring States era. Social harmony is achieved strict laws
Buddhism Taught one to seek the middle path through meditation. Understanding the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path would help one reach the goal of Nirvana. Started in Northern India (present day Pakistan) in 500s BCE.
Daoism Began in China 500 BCE; belief in following natural spontaneity
Confucianism His students gathered his ideas in a book called the Analects. This philosophy taught proper conduct through the Five Relationships - respect for parents
Polis Greek word that means city-state
Corroborate to confirm
Monotheism worship of only one God
Republic is a sovereign state or country which is organized with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law
Consolidate Make (something) physically stronger or more solid or to combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole
Caliphate The political-religious state comprising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the centuries following the death (632 CE) of the Prophet Muhammad and is ruled by a caliph
Islam Belief in one all-powerful compassionate God (Allah). Muhammad was the prophet of this religion and its Five Pillars. It started in Arabia around 620 CE.
Created by: Ms.Sala