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Pharmacology Words

QuestionAnswer
synergism A combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone.
inhalation Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth.
antidote Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
stimulant Agent that excites and promotes activity.
antihypertensive Agent that lowers blood pressure.
hypnotic Agent that produces sleep.
iatrogenic An effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug.
side effect An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
parenteral By injection or intravenous administration.
antibiotic Chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms.
systemic Circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body.
brand name Commercial name for a drug; trade name.
tolerance Drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
antihistamines Drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieves allergy symptoms.
antidepressant Drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression.
anticonvulsant Drug that prevents convulsions.
emetic Drug that promotes vomiting.
antidiarrheal Drug used to prevent diarrhea.
antacid Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach.
anesthetic Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation.
analgesic Drug which relieves pain.
topical Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes.
controlled drugs Drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused.
oral Drugs given by mouth.
sublingual Drugs given under the tongue.
rectal Drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum.
contraindications Factors in a patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment.
narcotic Habit-forming drug that relieves pain.
toxicity Harmful effects of a drug.
anaphylaxis Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
syringe Instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body.
sedative Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep.
transport Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
fixed oils Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate.
volatile oils Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that evaporate.
aerosols Particles of medication suspended in air.
ophthalmic Relating to the eye.
vitamin Substances found in foods which are essential for life.
receptor Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
cumulative action The concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses.
absorption The process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down, and transformed into a form that the body can use.
distribution The process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body.
metabolism The process of breaking down a drug or other substance into metabolites used by the body.
half-life The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested.
additive action The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
otic Via the ear.
Created by: Jessica Longboat