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Medical term final

Medical Terminolgy final part 1

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
blast/o embryonic cell
chrom/o color
lymphaden/o lymph gland
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
sider/o iron
thromb/o blood clot
-penia decrease, deficiancy
-phylaxis protection
AIDS The infected cell is a T4 also called CD4
HEMATOMA Accumulation of blood in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
SEPTICEMIA Blood infection or blood poisoning
DIFFERENTIAL COUNT The count of individual types of white blood cells
HEMAT/O POIESIS Production & Development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow.
arthr/O Joint
scoli/O Crooked, bent
patell/O Patella
my/O Muscle
chondr/O Cartilage
ARTHRITIS 1) RHEUMATOID Arthritis2) OSTEO Arthritis 3) GOUTY Arthritis
CLAUDICATION Lameness, Limping
EXACERBATION Increase in severity of a disease
ARTHROCENTESIS Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid
ARTHROSCOPY Visual examination of a joint
cyst/o Bladder
ur/o Urin
balan/O Glans penis or Head of penis
orch/O Testis
test/O Testis
prostat/O Prostate Gland
crypt/O Hidden
kal/I Potassium
py/O Pus
-cide Killing
-uria Urin (ur/o also means Urin)
UREMIA Excessive Nitrogenous compound in blood
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE (E.S.R.D) Condition in which Kidney function is permanently lost
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) Inability to initiate or maintain an erection
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN (BUN) Test that determines the amount of Urea Nitrogen in the blood
CULTURE & SENSATIVITY TEST (C&S) Test that determines the causative organism of a disease (culture) & how it responds to various antibiotics (Sensativity)
DIURETIC Drug that promotes excretionof Urin
nat/O Birth
salping/O Tube
-cyesis The condition of being Pregnant
-tocia childbirth
-gravida Pregnant woman
DYSPAREUNIA Occurence of pain during sexual intercourse
DOWN SYNDROME Congenital condition characterized by physical malformation & some degree of mental retardation
GLUCAGON ELEVATED blood sugar
INSULIN REDUCED blood sugar
adren/o Adrenal Gland
thym/o Thymus Gland
-dispia Thirst
DIURESIS Increased formation & secretion of Urine
PITUITARY GLAND Master gland of Endocrine system
TYPE 1 DIABETES INSULIN DEPENDANT USUALLY YOUNGER PEOPLE
TYPE 2 DIABETES NON INSULIN DEPENDANT USUALLY 40+ MOST COMMON FORM
crani/o Cranium
encephal/o Brain
gli/o Supporting tissue of the Nervous system
Kinesi/o movement
ASTHESIA Feeling
CONCUSSION Injury to the brain with loss of conciousness
HERPES ZOSTER SHINGLES FROM SAME VIRUS AS CHIKENPOX AS A CHILD
HUNTINGTON CHOREA Genetic Brain Deterioration
SYNCOPE Fainting
LUMBAR PUNCTURE Needle puncture of the spinal cavity to extract spinal fluid
ACUITY clearness or sharpness of a sensory function
blephar/o Eyelid
glauc/o Grey
opt/o EYE
presby/o OLD AGE
ot/o EAR
OTITIS MEDIA EAR INFECTION
ACHROMATOPSIA COLOR BLIND
TINNITUS EAR WAX
VERTIGO FEELING OF SPINNING OR DIZZINESS
narc/o stuper, sleep
Created by: 1196925183