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unit 7

Enlightenment and Revolutions

absolute ruler A ruler who has too much unchecked power
divine right Power from God to rule
king Louis XIV King of France also called the sun king like The Sun, he believe that everything revolves around him. Made the Versailles
lvan the terrible First czar in Russia, made the first secret police. Separated society into three major sections nobility, peasants and serfs
peter the great Russian ruler who forced nobles to wear french clothes, cut their beards, and speak french. Forced Russians to adapt western culture
charles 1 English king tramping our rights laid out by the magma carta. Such as the right to trial by jury and control the purse
king george III English king/absolute monarch for U S. He pushed high tariffs on the colonies to fund his kingdom
The English civil war Cavaliers who represented the king were defeated by the round heads a.k.a The New Model Army of Parliament
the round heads Leader of roundheads Oliver Cromwell. The New Model Army of Parliament
the cavaliers The forces of King Charles I
the restoration of the monarchy Parliament wanted to give power to Charles II
The Glorious Revolution The parliament invited Mary and William to take the throne. Following that they created the English Bill of Rights.
the English bill of rights Freedom of speech, Freedom of religion, Parliament power, Right to bear arms, Created limited government in England
Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes wrote the book Leviathan to defend absolutism-the absolute unquestioned rule of a king.
The leviathan The Leviathan was a book written by Thomas Hobbes that defended absolutism.
john Locke John Locke was a supporter of the parliament against absolutism who believed in the right to life, liberty, and property and they were inalienable.
two treatises on government A book written by John Locke where he said he believed natural laws did exist in the state of nature.
Baron de Montesquieu He was an enlightenment thinker who wrote the book the spirit of laws. He proposed the division of the government into three.
in the spirit of laws Montesquieu advocating for the separation of powers.
jean Jacques Rousseau He was an enlightenment thinker who wrote the social contract. He thought people were born naturally good.
the social contract The social contract was a book written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau where he says people are the rulers.
Voltaire An enlightenment thinker who argued for the separation of church and state.
the american Revolution The American Revolution was Inspired by the Declaration of Independence.
the french Revolution The French Revolution was inspired by the American Revolution
the storming of the Bastille What the 3rd estate did to king Louis XVI.
Louis XVI Ruled France as a absolute monarch
the reign of terror Started by Maximilian when he started executing French Citizens he called traitors. National Convention French Republic
Maximilian Robespierre A Radical party member for the Jacobins who slowly took control of the National Convention in 1793. Executed 30,000 people he called traiters Started the Reign of Terror Executed by French Citizens
napoleon He was French military general that led a coup d'etat and seized power in France 1799 Dictator
Napoleonic code A set of clear laws made by Napoleon , applicable to all members of French Society.
Created by: silvvermoons