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What are the three layers of the heart Endocardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium
The endothelial inner layer linning of the heart Endocardium
The muscular middle layer of the heart Myocardium
the fibrouse outer layer of the heart Epicardium
The averag adult has how many liters of blood 5.0
Formed elements constitue what remaining percentage of the blood 45%
What are erythrocytes Red blood cells
The normal life span of an erythrocyte is 120 days
What are leukocytes white blood cells
Phagocytic cells that engulf and digest bacteria Neutrophils
Numbers increase in allergies, skin infections, and parasitic infections eosinophils
the process by which blood vessels are repaired after injury is called hemostasis
what is the injury to a blood vessel which causes it to constrict slowing the flow of blood vascular phase
what are the three major veins located in the antecubial fossa median cubital, cephalic, basilic
Vein of choice median cubital
second choice vein, often the only vein that can be palpated in obese people cephalic
third choice vein, near brachial artery basilic
veins that are hard or cordlike sclerosed
Needles smaller than 23 gauge if used can cause hemolysis
Most common complication of phlebotomy hematoma
blood that has accumulated in the tissue surrounding the vein hematoma
caused by the tourniquet being left on too long hemoconcentration
the increase in proportion of formed elements to plasma hemoconcentration
inflammation of a vein phlebitis
tiny non raised red spots on skin from rupturing of capillaries due to the tourniquet being on too long or too tight Petechiae
blood clot usually a consequence of insufficient pressure applied thrombus
the accumulation of fluid in the tissues edema
patient misidentification preanalytical error
extended tourniquet time analytical error
wrong order of draw analytical error
exposure to light post analytical error
reasons a tube may loose its vaccuum a manufacturing defect, expired tube, tube may have a small crack
collection of blood while patient is in the basal state fasting specimen
patient has fasted and refrained from strenous exercise for 12 hours prior to draw basal state
test used to evaluate diabetes mellitus glucose level is compared with the level 2 hours after eating a full meal or ingesting a measured amount of glucose two hour postprandial test
test that is used to diagnose diabetes mellitus and evaluate patients with frequent low blood suger oral glucose tolerance test
test used to monitor blood levels of certain medication therapeutic drug monitoring
trough levels are collected how long before scheduled dose 30 minutes
time for collecting peak levels in therapeutic drug monitoring will vary on what the medication, patient's metabolism, and the route of administration
used to detect presence of microorganisms in the patient's blood blood cultures
test that is ordered for infants to detect phenylketonuria pku
pku test is performed on newborn's heel or urine
specimens that are wrapped in aluminum foil after draw are light sensitive specimens
name test that are light sensitive bilirubin, beta carotene, vitamins a and b6, and porphyrins
areas recommened for dermal puncture for infants is the medial and lateral areas of the plantar surface of the foot
heel punctures for infants should not exceed 2.0 mm deep
delivers oxygen throughout the body rbc's
name the clinical labatory sections hematology section, chemistry, blood bank, microbiology, urinalysis, serology
section of the clinical lab that studies the formed elements of blood hematology
section of lab that that is most automated chemistry
what are the sections of the chemistry section of the lab electrophoresis, toxicology, immunochemisty
analyzes chemical components of blood electrophoresis
analyzes plasma levels of drugs and poisons toxicology
uses radio immunoassay to detect and measure hormones, enzymes immunochemisty
section that is responsible for detection of pathogenic microorganisms microbiology
performs test on urine urinalysis section
what are the three componets of urinalysis physical exam, chemical exam, and microscopic exam
evalutes teh color clarity and gravity of urinalysis physical exam
determines ph, glucose, ketones, protein in urinalysis chemical exam
identifies presence of casts, yeast, bacteria and parasites in urinalysis microscopic exam
latex sensitivity that can cause allergic reactions ranging from simple dermatitis to anaphylaxis allergic reaction
what are the five signs of shock pale cold clammy skin, rapid or weak pulse, increased or shallow breathing rate, expressionless face or staring eyes, nausea and vomitting
what is the first aid for shock maintain an open airway for the victim, call for assistance, keep the victim lying down with the head lower than the rest of the body, attempt to control bleeding or cause of shock, keep the victim warm
infectious microorganisms that can be classified into groups agents
method by which an infectious agent leaves it reservoir portal of exit
specific ways in which microorganisms travel from the reservoir to the susceptible host mode of transmission
name the five types of mode of transmission contact,droplet, airborne, common vehicle, vectorborne
designed to reduce transmission by direct or indirect contact contact precaution
involves skin to skin contact direct contact
involves contact with a contaminated object indirect contact
designed to reduce the risk of airborne transmission airborne precautions
microorganisms spread by air currents airborne transmission
designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission droplet precautions
involves contact with mucous membranes droplet transmission
consent given by the patient who is made aware of any procedure to be performed informed consent
consent with out permission in case of an emergency implied consent
wrongful act that results in injury to one person by another tort
unprivileged touching of one person by another battery
means to threaten assult
means to actually cause harm battery
Created by: ashleyqat
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