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Kaaba a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, in Mecca, Hejaz, Saudi Arabia.
Islam the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
Muslim a follower of the religion of Islam
Mosque a Muslim place of worship.
Qur'an the Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic. The Koran consists of 114 units that touch upon all aspects of human existence.
Allah the standard Arabic word for God
Mecca The birthplace of Muhammad, and thus the holiest city for Muslims.
Hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
Sunni one of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs.
Shi'a one of the two main branches of Islam, followed especially in Iran, that rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali, the fourth caliph, as Muhammad's first true successor.
Calligraphy the art of producing decorative handwriting or lettering with a pen or brush.
Shah a title of the former monarch of Iran.
Sharia Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet, prescribing both religious and secular duties and sometimes retributive penalties for lawbreaking.
Timbuktu a town in central Mali, on the River Niger: end of a trans-Saharan caravan route; a great Muslim centre
Axum/Aksum an ancient kingdom located in present-day Eritrea and the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Ruled by the Aksumites, it existed from approximately 100 AD to 940 AD.
Matrilineal of or based on kinship with the mother or the female line.
Patrilineal relating to or based on relationship to the father or descent through the male line.
Lineage ancestry or pedigree.
Griots a member of a class of traveling poets, musicians, and storytellers who maintain a tradition of oral history in parts of West Africa.
Created by: adinabuice