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Ancient India

TermDefinition
subcontinent a large landmass that is smaller than a continent. Example: India
monsoons seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
sanskrit the most important language of ancient India
caste system social class system that divides Indian society based on a person's birth. Is a rigid class system
Hinduism the largest religion in India
reincarnation the rebirth of the soul. A belief in Hinduism and Buddhism
karma the effects that good bad actions have on a person's soul
fasting going without food.
meditation the focusing of the mind on spiritual ideas
Buddhism A religion based on the teachings of Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama). Began in India.
nirvana A state of perfect peace. A "oneness" with the universe. A belief in Buddhism where the cycle of reincarnation ends.
missionaries people who work to spread their religious beliefs
metallurgy The science of working with metals
alloys Mixture of two or more metals
Hindu-Arabic numerals The numbers we use today
inoculation injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to the them build up immunity (defenses) against the disease
Astronomy The study of stars and planets
Dharma Duties or responsibilities that a Hindu has based upon where they are in the caste system
untouchables Outcastes of Hindu India. Are supposed to alert people to their presence. Other people are supposed to avoid contact with them. Live on the outskirts of the city.
Indus River around which the earliest civilization on the Indian subcontinent was located
Created by: sfor585