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Final Terminology

a-; an- without
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ad- toward
AIDS aquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ambul/o walk
amnion amni/o
andr/o male
ante- before
anti- against
anus an/o
ASAP as soon as possible
-asthenia weakness
BaE barium enema
bi- two
black melan/o
blood hemat/o
blue cyan/o
BM bowel movement
bone oste/o
brady- slow
brain encephal/o
CAD coronary artery disease
cardi/o heart
cartilage chondr/o; cartilagin/o
CBC complete blood count
-cele hernia
CHF congestive heart failure
cell cyt/o; -cyte; cellul/o
chlor/o green
choledoch/o bile duct
-clasis break; fracture
colour chrom/o
condition of -esis; -ia; -us; -y; -ema; -ism; -isy
contra- against
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
core/o pupil
CRP cardiopulmonary resusciation
cranium crani/o
crin/o secrete
cry/o cold
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cardiovascular accident
D&C dilation & curettage
dacry/o tears
death necr/o
decrease -penia; hypo-
dent/o tooth
destruction of -lysis
di- double
dilation -ectasis
discharge -rrhea
double di-
dia- through
dys- pain
ear aut/o; ot/o
eardrum myring/o; tympan/o
eating, swallowing phag/o; -phage; -phagia
ECG electrocardiogram
ect/o outside
-ectasis dilation; expansion
-ectomy excision
-edema swelling
EEG electroencephalogram
-emesis vomit
-emia blood condition
enlargement -megaly
eosin/o rose coloured
epi- above
ER emergency room
-esthesia feeling; sensation; numbness
eu- good
excessive hyper-; ultra-
excision -ectomy
exo- outside
eye optic/o; ophthalm/o; opt/o; ocul/o
false pseud/o
first primi-; proto-; prim/o
forming; producing -gen; -genesis; -poiesis; gen/o
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
gastr/o stomach
GI gastrointestinal
glands aden/o
gluc/o sugar
GP general practioner
-gram record
-graph instrument to record
-graphy process of recording
gray glauc/o
gray matter poli-; poli/o
Hgb hemoglobin
hearing acous/o; acoust/o
heart cardi/o
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hemorrhage -rrhagia
hernia -cele; herni/o
hist/o history
homeostasis internal balance
Hx history
hyper- excessive; above
hypo- deficient; below
-iasis abnormal condition
ichthy/o dry and scaly
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
ilium ili/o
-ism condition of
incision -tomy
inflammation -itis
infra- under; below
instrument to view -scope
instrument to cut -tome
instrument to record -graph
instrument to crush -triptor
irid/o iris
-itis inflammation
joint arthr/o
kal- potassium
kary/o nucleus
kidney ren/o; nephr/o
kinesi/o movement
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
lack of -penia
later/o side by side
lith/o stone
-lysis destruction; loosening; seperation
-malacia softening
measuring -metry
men/o menstruation; month; menses
mening/o meninges
mes/o middle
meta- change
-meter instrument to measure
-metry measuring
mmHg milimeters of mercury
morph/o form; shape
MRI magnetic renosance imaging
MS musculoskeletal
muscle my/o
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
narc/o stupor; sleep
narrowing -stenosis
necr/o death
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
no non
NPO nothing by mouth
NSAIDS non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
nyct/o night
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology
OD right eye
-oid resembling
-ologist specialist in the study of
-ology study of
-oma tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
-osis abnormal condition
oste/o bone
pain -algia; -dynia; -algesia
PERRLA pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation
PAP papanicolaou's smear
para- near; beside
paralysis -plegia
parathyroid parathyroid/o
-pathy disease
-penia decrease
-pepsia digestion
per- through; across
peri- around; surrounding
-phagia eating; swallowing
-phasia speech
-phonia sound; voice
-physis growth; development
pil/o hair
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pod/o foot
poli- gray matter
poly- many; much
pre- before
pregnancy -cyesis; -gravida
pro- before
production of gen/o; -poeisis; -genesis
prostat/o prostate gland
pt patient
-ptosis drooping; sagging; prolapse
-ptysis spitting; coughing up
pulmon/o lung; air
puncture of -centesis
pyel/o renal pelvis
R/O rule out
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood cells
rectum rect/o; proct/o
red erythr/o
relating to -ic; -ac; -al; -ary; -ar
repair of -plasty
retro- behind; backward
ROM range of motion
rose colored eosin/o
-rrhagia burting forth; hemorrhage
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge; flow
-rrhexis rupture
RUQ right upper quadrant
salping/o fallopian tube
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
scaly squam/o
schist/o split; cleft
scoli/o crooked; bent; curved
-scope instrument to view
-scopy visual examination
seb/o sebaceous gland; sebum
sensation -esthesia
sial/o saliva
skin derm/o; -derma; cutane/o; dermat/o
SOB shortness of breath
somat/o body
speech -phasia
spinal cord myel/o
spine spin/o; rachi/o
spleen splen/o
-stasis standing still; stop
STAT immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
sub- under; below
sugar gluc/o; glyc/o; glycos/o; glucos/o
supra- above
suspension -pexy
sweat hidr/o; suder/o
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
-tachy rapid; fast
TB tuberculosis
tear duct dacry/o; lacrim/o
thrombo- blood clot
TIA transient ischemic attack
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision
ton/o tension; pressure
toxic tox/o
trachea trache/o
trans- across; through
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
tumor -oma
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
ultra- excess; beyond
uni- one
ur/o urine
ureter ureter/o
urethra urethr/o
URI upper respiratory infection
-uria urine
urination -uria; ur/o
vagina vagin/o; colp/o
valvul/o small valve
vesic/o bladder
vision -opia; -opsia
VS vital signs
water hydr/o
within endo-; intra-
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
x-ray radi/o
yellow xanth/o; lute/o; jaund/o
Created by: Wandybear