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PCS Global 1

Vocabulary #8

TermDefinition
Monotheism worship of only one God
Hinduism The Vedas are considered sacred. There is one God who can take many forms. The goal of this religion is to achieve Moksha and one can do this through having good Karma and Dharma and reincarnation. Ahimsa, or nonviolence is observed.
Government the group of people that has power to make laws and important decisions for a community, state, or nation
Empire a group of once separate areas ruled by a single person or government
Chrisitianity religion that started around 30 CE in Palestine after the death of Jesus, a Jew; Belief that Jesus is the son of God and the redeemer of humankind; the bible is the holy test, Ten Commandments
Judaism religion that started around 2000 BCE in Palestine where they believe in one God, the Ten Commandments, and their holy text is the Torah
Republic is a sovereign state or country which is organized with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law
Belief System a set of ideas and practices that help explain the origins of life, what happens after people die, and how to live a good life
Legalism school of Chinese philosophy that grew popular during the Warring States era (475-221 BCE). Social harmony is achieved through strict laws, a strong central control, absolute obedience to authority. Goal of increasing the power of the ruler/state.
Buddhism This religion/philosophy taught one to seek the middle path through meditation. Understanding the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path would help one reach the goal of Nirvana. It started in Northern India (present day Pakistan) in 500s BCE.
Daoism Began in China 500 BCE; belief in following natural spontaneity, desire for harmony, and the sense of the absurd, and to follow "The Way"
Confucianism His students gathered his ideas in a book called the Analects. This philosophy taught proper conduct through the Five Relationships - respect for parents, ancestors, teachers, and rulers. Good government was important.
Polis Greek word that means city-state
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family or group
Corroborate to confirm, substantiate, verify, authenticate, validate mean to attest to the truth or validity of something. Confirm implies the removing of doubts by an authoritative statement or indisputable fact
Created by: Ms.Sala