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History Chp 12

The Agricultural and Industrial Revolution

TermDefinition
Agricultural Revolution time in the eighteenth century when there was great changes in the way food was produced.
Population explosion: the great increase in the population of Britain that happened as a result of the Agricultural Revolution.
Enclosure when farmers put fences and hedges around their land.
Jethro Tull inventor of the seed drill, a machine for sowing seeds in the soil.
Cyrus McCormick inventor of the mechanical reaper, a machine that allowed farmers to harvest their crops quickly.
Robert Bakewell the man who came up with the idea of selective breeding.
Charles Townshend introduced the four field system of crop rotation.
Cottage industry when products were made at home in small numbers.
Textile industry the industry that makes clothes. Changes in this industry started the Industrial Revolution
John Kay inventor of the flying shuttle, used in weaving.
James Hargreaves inventor of the Spinning Jenny used in spinning.
James Watt inventor of the rotary steam engine. This led to a great increase in mining for iron and coal.
Humphrey Davy inventor of the Davy lamp which improved safety in the mining industry.
Henry Bessemer inventor of the Bessemer Converter. This improved the quality of steel.
John McAdam improved transport by building better roads.
George Stephenson the man who built the Rocket, a steam train.
Tenement a building in which many poor people lived crammed together. Often a whole family had to share one room.
Slum a poor area in a town of city that was full of tenement buildings.
Poor sanitation slum areas were filthy and had no clean water or toilet facilities
Smallpox, cholera and TB common diseases caused by poor sanitation.
Typhus a disease spread by lice
Pasteurisation the process of killing bacteria in food.
Edward Jenner discoverer of vaccination for smallpox.
Chartists group of people who wanted better treatment for the poor.
Robert Owen famous factory owner who treated workers very well
Created by: cbstullamore