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Ancient Greeks

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Peninsula land surrounded by water on three sides
Polis a city-state in Ancient Greece
Agora an outdoor marketplace where people could shop in markets or give public speeches
Phalanx fighting formation of the Greek Army; marching in rows
Tyrant a leader with total power and authority
Oligarchy a small group of people having total authority over its citizens
Democracy form of government where citizens vote for the elected official or president
Helot a slave of Ancient Greece
Military a group of people who protect the nation by using force and weapons
Ephor a strong wind
Satrapy a province ruled by a satrap
Satrap a governor of the Persian Empire
Zoroastrinanism a monotheistic religion which started in Persia; people pray to Ahura Mazda
Direct Democracy a form of government where citizens elect their leader
Representative Democracy a form of government which follows democratic principles
Philosopher a person who has beliefs and ideas about the way society should function
Crete a Greek Island in the Mediterranean Sea
Athens city state of Greece; focused on educating its citizens
Sparta city state of Greece; focused on preparing its citizens for war
Persian Empire empire ruled by Cyrus the Great; defeated by Alexander the Great
Cyrus leader of the Persian Empire
Darius I King of Persia
Zoroaster founded the religion of Zoroastrinism
Persian Wars battles fought between the Greek city states and Persia over many centuries
Marathon city in Greece
Xerxes brother of Darius I, ruled Persia after Darius I
Pericles leader of Athenian Military; brought Democracy to Athens; supported all citizens
Peloponnesian War series of battles fought between Sparta and Athens; Sparta won the war
Created by: sgarsh