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Chapter 15 AP World

world history

TermDefinition
Missionary A person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a Foreign country
Protestant reformation A schism in western Christianity
Martin Luther A sixteenth century German religious leader the founder of Protestantism a priest of the Roman Catholic Church began the reformation by posting his ninety five theses which attacked the church for allowing the sale of indulgences
95 theses Propositions for debate concerning the question of indulgences
30 years war A war waged in the early seventeenth century that involved France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, and numerous states of Germany. The causes of the war were rooted in national rivalries and in conflict between Roman Catholics and Protestants.
John Calvin French theologian and reformer in Switzerland
Henry VIII A king of England in the early 16th century established himself as the head of the Christian Church after the pope refused to let his marriage to Catherine of Aragon be gone.
Indulgences The remission of a temporal punishment brought about by sin either by earthly sufferings or time spent in purgatory
counter reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent
peace of westphalia The Peace of Westphalia was a series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years' War over succession within the Holy Roman Empire as well as the Eighty Years' War between Holland and Spain for Dutch independence.
christianity monotheistic religion where they believe jesus died rose again for our sins
jesuits a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of priests founded by St. Ignatius Loyola, St. Francis Xavier, and others in 1534, to do missionary work. The order was zealous in opposing the Reformation.
dominicans a member of the Roman Catholic order of preaching friars founded by St. Dominic, or of a religious order for women founded on similar principles.
franciscans a friar, sister, or lay member of a Christian religious order founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi, or of an order based on Franciscan rule. The Franciscan orders are noted for preachers and missionaries.
syncretism the amalgamation or attempted amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought
vodou Haitian Vodou is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora. Practitioners are called "vodouists" or "servants of the spirits". Vodouists believe in a distant and unknowable Supreme Creator, Bondye
santeria a pantheistic Afro-Cuban religious cult developed from the beliefs and customs of the Yoruba people and incorporating some elements of the Catholic religion.
macumba a black religious cult practiced in Brazil, using sorcery, ritual dance, and fetishes.
francis xavier Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier, Kingdom of Navarre, and a co-founder of the Society of Jesus
matteo ricci Matteo Ricci, S.J., was an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 map of the world in Chinese characters introduced the findings of European exploration to East Asia.
sikhism a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.
wahhabi movement back to very fundamentalist ways of Islam
guru nanak Indian religious leader who founded Sikhism in dissent from the caste system of Hinduism; he taught that all men had a right to search for knowledge of God and that spiritual liberation could be attained by meditating on the name of God
scientific revolution he scientific revolution refers to the rapid advances in European scientific, mathematical, and political thought, based on a new philosophy of empiricism and a faith in progress that defined Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries.
nicolaus copernicus Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center
galileo galilei Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries
rene descartes French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
thomas newton an English cleric, biblical scholar and author.
Created by: mdibble003