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Chapter 14

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Total War the channeling of all of a nation's resources into the war effort
Neutrality the policy of taking neither side in a conflict
T.E. Lawrence a British colonel who helped Arab nationalists, free their nations from the Ottoman empire
militarism glorification of the military
zeppelins large gas-filled balloons used by Germany to drop bombs.
Dardanelles a strait connecting the Black Sea with the Mediterranean
propaganda the spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause
reparations payments for war damage
prolatariat a growing class of factory and railroad workers, miners, and urban wage earners
Fourteen Points a list of terms issued by President Wilson to end World War I and prevent future wars
entente nonbinding agreement to follow certain policies
ultimatum final set of demands
mobilize prepare military forces for war
Alsace and Lorraine provinces on the border of Germany and France, lost by France to Germany in 1871
stalemate deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
U-boat German, Underwater Boat, submarine
convoy group of merchant ships protected by warships
conscription "the draft," which required all young men to be ready for military or other service
contraband during wartime, military supplies and raw materials needed to make military supplies that may legally be confiscated by any belligerent
Lusitania British liner torpedoed by a German submarine in May 1915
atrocity Horrible acts committed against innocent people
self-determination right of people to choose their own form of government
armistice agreement to end fighting in a war
pandemic spread of a disease across a large area, country, continent, or the entire world
radicals those who favor extreme changes
collective security system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all
mandate after WWI, a territory administered by a Western power
soviet council of workers and soldiers set up by Russian revolutionaries in 1917
Cheka early Soviet secret police force
commissar Communist party officials assigned to the army to teach party principles and ensure party loyalty during the Russian Revolution
Created by: twhaley