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Ch 11-Cardiovascular

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

Largest artery in the body: aorta
Specialized muscle fibers that connect the atria with the ventricles and transmit electrical impulses between them: bundle of His
Smallest blood vessel: capillary
One of two upper chambers of the heart: atrium
Relaxation phase of the heartbeat: diastole
Contraction phase of the heartbeat: systole
Innermost lining of blood vessels: endothelium
Muscular, middle layer of the heart: myocardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart: pericardium
Thin-walled vessel that carries blood from body tissues and lungs back to the heart: vein
Beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries: pulse
Partition or wall dividing a cavity, such as between the right and left atria: septum
Pacemaker of the heart: SA node
Valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle: tricuspid valve
Valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle: mitral valve
Largest vein in the body: vena cava
One of two lower chambers of the heart: ventricle
Blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle: coronary arteries
Specialized tissue in the wall between the atria: AV node
Largest type of blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body. artery
A combining form that means vessel: angi/o
The combining form that means yellowish plaque: ather/o
A combining form that means heart: cardi/o
A combining form that means vein: phleb/o
A combining form that means clot: thromb/o
A combining form that means vessel: vascul/o
The combining form that means blue: cyan/o
The combining form that means mucus: myx/o
The combining form that means lower heart chamber: ventricul/o
A combining form that means chest: steth/o
An angiogram is a record (-gram) of a/an _______ (angi/o). vessel
Cardiomegaly is enlargement (-megaly) of the ______ (cardi/o). heart
Cyanosis is an abnormal condition (-osis) of ________ (cyan/o) due to poor oxygenation of blood. blue (bluish discoloration)
A phlebotomy is an incision (-tomy) of a/an ________ (phleb/o). vein
Thrombolysis is the destruction (-lysis) of ________ (thromb/o). clots
Vasoconstriction is the narrowing (-constriction) of ________ (vas/o). vessels
Pericardiocentesis is surgical puncture (-centesis) of the ________ (pericardi/o) to remove fluid. pericardium
Atherosclerosis is hardening (-sclerosis) of ________ (arteri/o). arteries
The term vascular means pertaining to (-ar) a ________ (vascul/o). vessel
A stethoscope is an instrument to examine (-scope) the ________ (steth/o). chest
Rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria: flutter
Very rapid, random and irregular contractions of the heart: fibrillation
Congenital malformation involving four distinct heart defects: tetralogy of Fallot
Condition in which the heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood: CHF
Disease of the arteries surrounding the heart: CAD
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart: endocarditis
Extra heart sound heard between normal beats: murmur
A disease in which there are recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis, primarily in fingers and toes: Raynaud disease
Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs: varicose veins
High blood pressure: HTN
X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material: angiography
Images of the heart produced by echoes generated by high-frequency sound waves: echocardiography
A procedure in which a thin, flexible tube is guided into the heart via a vein or an artery: cardiac catheterization
Recording of electricity flowing through the heart electrocardiography
An ECG device is worn during a 24-hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias: Holter monitoring
A procedure in which arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages: coronary artery bypass grafting
Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery: endarterectomy
Brief delivery of radiofrequency energy to destroy areas of heart tissue that may be causing arrhythmias: catheter ablation
A procedure in which a heart-lung machine diverts blood from the heart and lungs while the heart is repaired: extracorporeal circulation
A procedure in which a balloon-tipped catheter is inserted into a coronary artery to open the artery and then a stent is put in place: PCI
Created by: misscollin