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shrine a place regarded as holy because of its associations with a divinity or a sacred person or relic, typically marked by a building or other construction.
fresco a painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries.
strait a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water.
polis a city state in ancient Greece,
acropolis a citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city, typically built on a hill.
citizen a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
aristocracy a form of government in which power is held by the nobility.
oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country
phalanx a body of troops, standing or moving in close formation.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
tyrant a cruel and oppressive ruler.
legislature the law making body of a country or state.
alliance a union or association formed for mutual benefit
stipend a fixed regular sum paid as a salary or allowance.
jury a body of people (typically twelve in number) sworn to give a verdict in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted to them in court.
ostracism exclusion from a society or group.
philosopher a person engaged or learned in philosophy
philosophy the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.
logic reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict principles of validity.
rhetoric language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect on its audience
tragedy an event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or natural catastrophe.
comedy a movie, play, or broadcast program intended to make an audience laugh.
assassination murder (an important person) in a surprise attack for political or religious reasons.
republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
patrician a member of a noble family or class in ancient Rome.
consul an official appointed by a government to live in a foreign city and protect and promote the government's citizens and interests there.
plebeian belonging to the commoners of ancient Rome. of or belonging to the lower social classes.
dictator a ruler with total power over a country,
tribune an official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests.
veto a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
legion a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army.
mercenaries a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
census an official count or survey of a population
inflation increase (something) by a large or excessive amount.
satirize the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.
mosaic a picture or pattern produced by arranging together small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass.
aqueduct an artificial channel for conveying water
messiah the promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.
apostle each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ.
clergy the body of all people ordained for religious duties,
bishop a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
patriarch the male head of a family or tribe.
pope the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church.
heresy belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine.
Created by: adinabuice