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History

Protestant Reformation

QuestionAnswer
Counter (Catholic) Reformation The response of the Catholic church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation
heresy belief or opinion that goes against the church
Council of Trent A series of meetings of Catholic church officials that met between 1545 and 1563 at Trent, Italy. The council decided how to respond to the Protestant Reformation and created a plan to do so
Index of Forbidden Books hundreds of books that were banned by the Catholic Church because they were considered heretical
Roman Inquisition A court established by the Roman Catholic Church in the thirteenth century to try cases of heresy and other offenses against the church. Those convicted could be handed over to the civil authorities for punishment, including execution.
patron paying money to a person, cause, or organization
humanism revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thoughts, individual talents
Renaissance movement that followed the Middle Ages that centers on revival of interest in classical learning of Greece and Rome; French word meaning rebirth
Northern Renaissance the Renaissance that took place in Europe north of the Alps
Johannes Gutenburg invented the printing press and introduced it to Europe
Protestant Reformation was a schism in Western Christianity, that brought the religions of Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism to be
indulgence paid pardons from punishment for sin
95 theses propositions going against the Catholic church written by Martin Luther
Protestantism the faith, practice, and church order of the Protestant churches
predestination the belief that God has predetermined who will be saved before they are even born
"the elect" the people that are saved from predestination
Jesuits A member of the Society of Jesus
Niccolo Machiavelli he was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer during the Renaissance that believed in order to be a good leader you have to be fearful