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WWII

World War II Vocab

TermDefinition
nationalism extreme belief that one's country is better than another
fascism form of totalitarian government that promotes nationalism
totalitarianism government having total control over its citizens' lives
nazism fascist political party in Germany during the 1930s
Neutrality Act act passed by the US in 1939 declaring our neutrality
appeasement policy of giving the aggressor nations that they wanted
blitzkreig Hitler's "lightening" style of war
Non-aggression Pact Germany and Russia agreed not to fight over Poland
Holocaust systematic killing of the Jews in Nazi Germany during WWII
Genocide the attempt to wipe out an entire race of people
Concentration camps places where Jews were sent to work and die
Axis powers Japan, Italy, and Germany
Allies France, Britain, Russia, and the United States
V-E Day May 8, 1945; when Germany surrendered
Kamikaze 'Divine Wind'; name of Japanese suicide bombers in WWII
Manhattan Project project that developed the first atomic bomb
Yalta Conference meeting held in Feb 1945 to discuss post-war Europe
Nuremberg Trials place Nazi war criminals were tried for war crimes
Pearl Harbor US Naval base bombed by Japan on Dec 7, 1941
Stalingrad turning point battle against Germany by the Russians
D-Day the Allied invasion of Nazi occupied France in 1944
Battle of the Bulge last offensive by the Nazis in 1944 before they surrendered
Nagasaki second Japanese island where US dropped atomic bomb
Hiroshima first Japanese island where US dropped atomic bomb
Adolf Hitler Fascist dictator of Germany
Hideki Tojo military dictator of Japan
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of England during WWII
Joseph Stalin Communist dictator of Russia during WWII
Benito Mussolini Fascist dictator of Italy during WWII
General Patton Major WWII American General
Dwight Eisenhower commander of all Allied troops in Europe
Harry Truman became President of the US in March of 1945
Douglas McArthur commander of Allied troops in the Pacific
Robert Oppenheimer leading scientist that helped develop atomic bomb
Created by: allinone