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Renaissance & Reformation

Counter (Catholic) Reformation The response of the Catholic church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation
Heresy belief or opinion that goes against the church.
Council of Trent A series of meetings of Catholic church officials that met between 1545 and 1563 at Trent, Italy. The council decided how to respond to the Protestant Reformation and created a plan to do so.
Index of Forbidden Books hundreds of books that were banned by the Catholic Church because they were considered heretical
Roman Inquisition A court established by the Roman Catholic Church in the thirteenth century to try cases of heresy and other offenses against the church. Those convicted could be handed over to the civil authorities for punishment, including execution.
patron Financially supporting artists. Renaissance merchants and wealthy families also were patrons of the arts.
humanism An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements.
Renaissance Movement following the Middle Ages that centered on revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome; French word meaning "rebirth".
Northern Renaissance As Renaissance ideas spread out of Italy, they mingled with northern traditions. As a result, the northern Renaissance developed its own character.
Johannes Gutenberg a craftsman from Mainz, Germany, developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way.
Protestant Reformation A movement for religious reform. It led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope’s authority.
indulgence Was a pardon. It released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sins.
95 theses formal statements, attacking the “pardon-merchants.” On October 31, 1517, he posted these statements on the door of the castle church in Wittenberg and invited other scholars to debate him.
Protestantism Protestantism is a branch of Christianity. It developed out of the Reformation, the 16th-century protest in Europe against beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church.
predestination The belief that God has known since the beginning of time who will be saved.
“the elect” Those chose by God to save, said by Calvin
Jesuits Members of the Society of Jesus
Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote The Prince. Machiavelli examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies.
Created by: sivaanand