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Age of Discovery

Causes and Effects of the Age of Discovery

Target A: Who was Prince Henry the Navigator Prince Henry "The Navigator" was a Portuguese Prince who set up a school to teach navigational technology and cartography
Target A: Why did Europeans set sail to explore? To find alternative routes to the Silk Road , Trade with the Ottoman = navigational arts from the Islamic World, Prince Henry opened a school of navigation, European Catholics = spread the word of God, European rulers competed to expand their empires
Target B: Who was Vasco De Gama? Portuguese First to circumnavigate Africa to reach Asia
Target B: Who was Christopher Columbus? Spain "Discovered the Americas" by crossing the Atlantic Ocean
Target B: Who was Hernando Cortes? Spain Conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico
Target B: Who was Francisco Pizarro? Spain Conquered the Inca Empire in Peru Crossed the Panama Canal --> Pacific Ocean --> explored South
Target B: Who was Ferdinand Magellan? Spain First to circumnavigate the world Dies in the Philippines
Target B: Who was Sir Francis Drake? England First Englishman to circumnavigate the world
Target B: Who was Jacques Cartier? France Explored the St. Lawrence River inland Traveled west --> North America not Latin America Claimed part of Canada Northwest Passage
Target C: What 2 countries colonized most of Latin America? Spain and France
Target C: What 2 countries completed to colonize what became the US and Canada France and England
Target D: What was the Old World? Afro Eurasia Africa, Europe, and Asia
Target D: What was the New World? The Americas
Target D: What was the Columbian Exchange? The cultural and biological exchange between the Old and New World
Target D: What went from the Old to New World in the Columbian Exchange? Domestic animals- horses, cattle, chickens Food- wheat, bananas, grapes, dandelions, rice Diseases- smallpox, measles, typhus, diphtheria
Target D: What went from the New to Old World in the Columbian Exchange? Crops- corn, sweet/potato, beans, nuts, seasoning crops, tobacco, cocoa, cochineal
Target D: What legacy did the colonial governments of Latin America leave? Colonial governments left a legacy of a rigid class system and dictatorial rule
Target D: What caused the African salve trade? The loss of labor from the indigenous populations due to the introduction of diseases
Target D: What was the Middle Passage? A series of routes where Africans were forcibly transported from Africa to the Americas by crossing the Atlantic
Target D: What was the Triangular Trade? A triangle shaped trade that connected Europe, Africa, and the West Indies Europe- manufactured goods Africa- The Middle Passage (slaves) West Indies- raw materials
Target D: How did the African slave trade affect Africa? 1- Europeans created trading posts along the coast 2- The gun-slave cycle = escalation of warfare between African civilizations 3- Destroyed African families and removed fittest members of African society depleting Africa of its human potential
Target D: What was mercantilism An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self-sufficient based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country
Target D: What was the Commercial Revolution A period of economic expansion in Europe due to an increase in colonization and trade funded by joint-stock companies, banks, and governments
Created by: smilerin