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chapter 1

Past and present

TermDefinition
ACA Affordable Care Act.
ACO Accountable Care Organization.
Activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT or PTT) test use to evaluate the function of the intrinsic coagulation pathway and monitor heparin therapy.
AHCCCS Arizona healthcare Cost Containment System.
AMT American Medical Technologists
APC Ambulatory Patient Classification.
ASCLS American Society for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
ASCP American Society for Clinical Pathology.
C&S Culture And Sensitivity.
Case Manager The person who coordinates medical service on behalf of a patient.
Certification Evidence that an individual has mastered fundamental competencies in a particular technical area.
CEUs Continuing Education Units.
CLIA '88 Clinical Laboratory improvement Amendments of 1988.
CMS Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Communication Barriers Biases or personalized filters that are major obstructions to verbal communication.
Confidentiality The ethical cornerstone of professional behavior; the practice of regarding information concerning a patient as privileged
Continuum of Care A holistic, coordinated system for healthcare services.
CPT Current procedural terminology.
DRGs Diagnosis-related groups.
Exsanguinate to remove all blood
Fibrin degradation products(fibrin Split Products) Fragments remaining from the Breakdown of fibrin.
Gatekeeper Primary physicians who serves as the patient's advocate and advises the patient on his or her healthcare needs.
Hematocrit(Hct) Percentage by volume of red blood cells in whole blood
HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
Histologic/histological pertaining to the microscopic structure of tissue.
HMO health maintenance organization.
IACET Internacional Association for Continuing Education And Training.
ICD-10-PCS International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Procedural Coding System.
ICD-9-CM International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification.
IDS Integrated Healthcare Delivery System.
Kinesic Slip When the verbal and nonverbal messages do not match
Kinesics The study of nonverbal communication
MCO Managed care organization.
Medicaid A Federal and state program that provides medical assistance for low-income Americans.
Medicare Federally funded program that provides healthcare to people over the age of 65 and to the disabled.
MLS(Medical Laboratory Scientist) a person who generally has a bachelor's(BS) degree plus additional studies and experiences in the clinical laboratory.
NAACLS National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
PCP Primary Care Physician.
PHI Protected health information.
Phlebotomy incision into the vein for the purpose of drawing blood.
PHS 9Public Health Service) one of the principals units under the U.S(DHHS) whose mission is to promote the protection and advancement of the nation.
Polycythemia A disorder involving overproduction of red blood cells.
PPOs Preferred provider organizations.
PPS Prospective Payment System.
Primary care care by general physician who assumes ongoing responsibility for maintaining his or her patients' health.
Proxemics The study of an individual's concept and use of space.
Reference Laboratories Large independent Laboratories that receive and test specimens from many different facilities.
Secondary Care Care by a specialist who can perform out-of-ordinary procedures in outpatient facilities.
Tertiary care highly complex care and therapy services from practitioners in a hospital or overnight facility.
third- party payer an insurance company or government program that pays for healthcare services on behalf of a patient.
Created by: chinnna