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Phlebotomy Terms

Abbreviations & WKBK

IDS Integrated Delivery System
IDN Integrated Delivery Network
Venesection Cutting a vein via process of bloodletting *Most common Vena = vein; Sectio = cutting
Phlebotomy Cutting into a vein. (Releasing evil spirits, cleansing impurities, bringing body to proper balance). Phlebos = Vein; Tome = Incision
Exsanguinate To remove all blood. (George Washington) 1799
Cupping Use of heated suction (cup) to draw blood to surface, then capillaries in area are severed via parallel incisions with lancet or fleam
Fleam Wide, double-edged blad at right angles to the blad. (transmitted many blood borne infections pt. to pt.) Used to open an artery or to obtain a large amt. of blood.
Dry Cupping (Still used today) Cupping w/o superficial incisions, causes tissues to release toxins for removal from body.
Leeches - Hirudo Medicinalis Localized bloodletting. A European medicinal leech. Female saliva contains: a vasodilator, local anesthetic and (Hirudin) an anticoagulant.
Polycythemia Blood disorder; over production of RBC's
POCT Point of Care Testing
NAACLS National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (official lab regulations and licensure info)
Certification Voluntary process where an agency grants recognition for met requirements/prerequisites of particular tech. area. Indicates completion of defined academic requirements, training, satisfactory score on exam. PBT certified
Licensure Act of a state agency granting renewal via re-exam or continued education
CPT 1 Certified Phlebotomy Tech I
CPT 2 Certified Phlebotomy Tech II
LPT Limited Phlebotomy Tech
RPT(AMT) American Medical Technologists - Registered Phlebotomy Tech - RPT(AMT)
CPT(ACA) American Certification Agency - Certified Phlebotomy Tech - CPT(ACA)
PBT(ASCP) American Society for Clinical Pathology - Phlebotomy Tech - PBT(ASCP)
NCPT(NCCT) National Center for Competency Testing - National Certified Phlebotomy Tech - NCPT(NCCT)
CEUs Continuing Education Units - Created by the IACET
IACET International Association for Continued Education & Training *Awards for shops, training etc...
ORGs that Sponsor CEUs ASCP ASCLS, AMT
ASCLS American Society for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
AMT American Medical Technologies
AHA American Hospital Association - (Document of accepted, quality-care principals dev. by the AHA & related pt. rights. 1st primary objective: Safeguard pt. welfare.
Professionalism The conduct & qualities that characterize a professional person. Conduct, appearance, self-confidence, integrity, compassion, dependability, self-motivation & ethical behavior.
Patient Bill of Rights in Medicare/Medicaid The AHA publishes a statement of pt. rights "The Patient Care Partnership".
The Patient Care Partnership States 1st priority of all HC professionals is to provide high quality pt. care in clean & safe environment, maintaining pt. personal rights/responsibilities in dignity w/ sensitivity to difference in culture, race, religion, gender & age.
HIPAA 1996 Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act - Primary aim: Privacy Rule via elect. media violations (fines, jail, disciplinary time. Unless for Tx, payment, HC operations.
HCW Health Care Workers
Communication Verbal, non-verbal, ability to listen and a skill.
Verbal Spoken word, sender-receiver (feedback)
Communication Barriers Prejudice of personal filters. Ex. language limitation, cultural differences, diversity, emotion, age, gender, physical disabilities. (Avoid clich├ęs & non-verbal cues).
Kinesics Study of non-verbal communication.
Kinesic Slip When verbal & non-verbal do not match up.
Proxemics Study of an individual's concept & use of space.
"Zone of Comfort" Depends on person's need at the time.
4 Zones Intimate, personal, social, public
Intimate Zone 1-18'
Personal Zone 1 1/2 - 4 ft.
Social Zone 4-12 ft.
Public Zone 12 ft. +
Elements of Health Care Communication Empathy, control, trust, confirmation
Primary Level of Care Physician who assumes ongoing maintenance and wellness of care (a PCP)
Secondary Level of Care The care given via specialists (performing surgery, ER dr's, provide Tx, radiology, in same day service centers etc...)
Tertiary Care Highly complex services & therapy practitioners.
Routine Care In a physician's office to specialized care in a freestanding ambulatory setting.
TWO CATEGORIES of Healthcare Facilities 1. Outpatient/Ambulatory 2. Inpatient
Outpatient/Ambulatory Principal source of healthcare for most people. Routine care, Primary Care, Secondary Care. Ex. Freestanding ambulatory setting, same-day surgery centers/facilities, ER etc..
Inpatient Key resource & center of the American Healthcare system. Offer specialized instrumentation & technology to assist in unusual Dx/Tx. Serve Tertiary Care. Ex. Hospitals, nursing homes, extended care facilities, hospice & rehab centers.
Ambulatory - 2 Types Freestanding: (care settings & hospital owned clinics) Outpatient Departments: (Urgent care facilities)
ED Emergency Dept.
UCAOA Urgent Care Association of America
PHS Public Health Service (under the dept. of HHS)
HHS Health and Human Services (ex. Mental health)
PCP Primary care physician - consistent primary care = better health outcomes, lowers spending, avoided ER visits & hospital care.
PPACA Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (2013)
Third Party Payers Ins. companies, the fed. govt., a managed care program or self-insured company who pays for HC services on an employer's behalf.
Direct Pay/Self Pay/Out-of-Pocket Pay directly from patient to provider
PHLEBOTOMY TIME LINE (Past to Present) 460 - 377BC Hippocrates to cleanse body of impurities. 1400 BC French using leeching for localized bloodletting. 1200 (Early middle ages) Short Robes (cupping & Leeching). 1799 Physicians used venesection to tx George Washington. 18th Century Leeching
Middle Ages - Guild of Barber-Surgeons By 1210 Guild of Barber-Surgeons formed in Paris. It divided surgeons into Long Robe & Short Robe Surgeons.
Long Robe Surgeons All practices
Short Robe Surgeons (Barber pole) Forbidden by law to do any surgery except: bloodletting, wound surgery, cupping, leeching, shaving, tooth extractions and enema administration. (Barber-Surgeons)
Created by: MCasler



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