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Decolonization

TermDefinition
Zionism Movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine.
Mandate After World War I, a territory that was administered by a Western power.
David Ben-Gurion Worked for the creation of the state of Israel; became Israel’s first Prime Minister in 1948.
Balfour Declaration British support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Partition To divide the subcontinent of India to create a separate Muslim state called Pakistan.
Salt March Gandhi’s attempt to end the British salt monopoly.
Kashmir A disputed territory in the Himalayas, claimed by both India and Pakistan, that has been a source of conflict between the two countries.
Mohandas Gandhi Indian protest leader in the early to mid-1900’s who used passive resistance and nonviolence overthrow British rule.
Civil Disobedience Refusal to obey unjust laws.
Amritsar Massacre An incident in which British troops killed hundreds of innocent Indian civilians for ignoring a British law that banned public meetings.
Tiananmen Square Massacre In 1989, demonstrators peacefully assembled to push for greater democracy in China and were attacked by government troops and tanks.
Sun Yixian (Yat-sen) Chinese nationalist. Founded the Guomindang Party and established his “Three Principles of the People”; nationalism, democracy, and economic security.
Red Guard Groups of radical students formed in China during the Cultural Revolution.
Great Leap Forward A program launched by Mao Zedong to increase farm and industrial output.
Long March 1934 retreat by Mao Zedong and his followers from the Guomindang.
Jiang Jieshi Chinese nationalist and leader of the Guomindang in the early 1900’s; formally known as Chiang Kai-shek.
Cultural Revolution A program launched by Mao Zedong to renew loyalty to communism and purge China of those disloyal to Mao.
Mao Zedong Leader of the Chinese Communists; gained massive support from peasants; ruled China from 1949 until his death in 1976.
Four Modernizations The Chinese economic reform program under Deng Xiaoping that emphasized agriculture, industry, science, and defense.
Deng Xiaoping Was the leader of China during the 1980s. He was known for strengthening China’s economy through the Four Modernizations.
Pan-Africanism Movement emphasizing the unity of Africans and people of African descent all over the world.
Mau Mau Radical revolutionaries in Kenya who took up arms to fight British imperialism.
Kwame Nkrumah Worked to remove British imperialists from Africa; became the first Prime Minister of Ghana.
Jomo Kenyatta A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya.
Decolonization The process by which European colonies in Africa and Asia became independent states.
Created by: LHSGLOBAL2