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Chapter 9

Terms related to the history of Ancient India

TermDefinition
Subcontinent a large landmass that is smaller than a continent
Monsoon seasonal wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia
migrate to move from one place to another
emerge to come into being or become known
raja an Indian prince
Sanskrit the first written language of India
Vedas ancient sacred writings of India
caste an Indian social class that determines what job you can have and who you can marry
guru a teacher
Brahman the universal spirit worshiped by Hindus
reincarnation the rebirth of the soul
karma a force that decides the form that people will be reborn into in their next lives
dharma a person's personal duty, based on the individual's place in society
nirvana a state of perfect happiness and peace
Jainism a religion of ancient India that does not believe in a supreme being. It emphasized nonviolence and respect for all living things.
stupas a Buddhist shrine, usually dome-shaped
pilgrim a person who travels to holy sites