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Ch 1,2,3 Spelling


Exacerbation the period of a chronic disease when signs and symptoms recur in their severity
Homeostasis the maintenance of a steady state within the body
Relapse occurs when a disease returns weeks or months after its apparent cessation
Remission the period of a chronic disease when signs and symptoms subside
Terminal a disease ending in death
Adrenalin a hormone of the sympathetic nervous system; the most vital therapy in treatment of allergy and can be self-injected in an emergency
Anaphylaxis the condition of anaphylactic shock which is life-threatening state in which blood pressure drops and airways become constricted
Epinephrine the hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla in emergency situations or during periods of high stress; also used as a drug to dilate bronchioles in some asthma attacks
Histamine a substance that causes the capillary walls to become more permeable
Toxins substance damaging the tissues
Antibiotics drugs used to treat bacterial infections
Epidemic the occurrence of a disease in unusually large numbers over a specific area
Infestations infections involving wormlike animals called helminths
Isolation self-imposed separation to prevent transmission of a disease
Quarantine separation of persons who may or may not be infected from healthy people until the period of infectious risk is passed
Symptoms an indication of disease perceived by the patient, such as pain, dizziness, and itching
Signs the objective evidence of disease observed on physical examination, such as abnormal pulse or fever
Syndrome combinations of symptoms
Etiology the cause of a disease
Mutated changed in DNA structure that may be inherited and cause disease
Idiopathic term used to describe a disease for which the cause is not known
Atrophy the decrease in size or function of an organ
Hyperplasia condition in which there is an increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or organ
Hypoplasia underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ
Aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of an organ or tissue
Metaplasia abnormal cell growth in which cells become unlike the normal cells in the tissue of which they are a part
Dysplasia abnormal development or growth of tissues, organs, or cells
Functional condition is one in which there is no organic change
Lesion abnormal tissue structure or function. May be result of wound, injury or pathologic condition
Prognosis predicted course and outcome of a disease
Acute a disease is that has a sudden onset and a short duration
Excess fluid in the tissues Edema
Innate Immunity the ability of the body to protect itself against foreign organisms and toxins
Chronic a disease that may begin insidiously and be long-lived
Complications diseases that develop in a patient already suffering from a disease
Antigen a substance, usually foreign to the body, which triggers the immune response
Antibodies proteins secreted by plasma cells that aid in defense against infectious agents
Adhesions connective tissue fibers that anchor adjacent structures together; a kinking of the intestines
Chronic fatigue syndrome a disease that produces flu-like symptoms, including severe and persistent fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and fever
Vaccine a low dose of dead or deactivated bacteria or virus that stimulates an immune response
Allergy abnormal immunologic response to allergens such as pollens, dust, dog hair, and certain foods
Pathogens microorganisms that cause disease
Spores microscopic fungal reproductive structures that can induce allergies
Aftermath of a disease Sequela
Created by: fallsummerspring