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Chapter Twenty-Eight

TermDefinition
Appeasement Giving in to aggressive demands in order to maintain peace
Axis Powers Military alliance made up of Germany, Japan, and Italy
Nonaggression Pact An agreement between parties not to attack one another, such as the 1939 pact made between Germany and the Soviet Union in which each side agreed not to attack the other
Blitzkrieg German word for "lightning war," a type of assault that emphasized speed and close coordination between airplanes and ground forces
Allies Military alliance between Great Britain, France, and later the United States and the Soviet Union
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Battle of Britain German campaign to bomb Britain
Hideki Tojo General and leader of Japanese government during WWII
Isolationism Desire to stay out of the affairs of other nations
Erwin Rommel German general who lead the German-Italian force in North Africa
Battle of El Alamein Key battle in North Africa won by the British in October 1942
Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander of American forces, defeated Rommel in Africa
Siege of Stalingard German blockade in the winter f 1941-42 which resulted in the deaths of one million Russian civilians
Douglas MacArthur Commander of American forces in the Pacific
Bataan Death March Brutal forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war by their Japanese captors
Battle of Midway Key Allied victory in the Pacific which weakened Japan's navy
Battle of Guadalcanal Lengthy battle in the Pacific resulting in an Allied victory
Kamikaze Any Japanese pilot who loaded his plane with explosives and crashed into an Allied ship, sacrificing his own life
Deported Forced to leave a country
Final Solution Deliberate, mass execution of Jews
Ghettos Confined areas within a city where Jews are kept before being taken to concentration camps
Concentration Camps Labor camps meant to hold the people Hitler called enemies of the state
Holocaust Campaign of mass murder that the Nazis waged against the Jews
D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allied forces invaded France on the beaches of Normandy
V-E Day Victory in Europe Day, May 8, 1945, the day Allied victory was declared
Battle of Iwo Jima Brutal battle in which the Allies captured a strategic island close to Japan
Battle of Okinawa Pacific battle that claimed 12,000 American lives for an Allied victory
Harry S Truman U.S. President who made the decision to use the atomic bomb
Hirohito Japanese emperor who surrendered to Allies
V-J Day August 15, 1945, the day Japan surrendered to the Allies, ending WWII
Yalta Conference Meeting held by the Allied nations to plan postwar Europe
Potsdam Conference Meeting of Allied leaders in which tension between the Soviet Union and other Allies surfaced
United Nations World organization meant to encourage international cooperation and the prevention of war
Battle of Stalingard Crushing defeat of German forces, led to a turning point in the war
Created by: annaperrell