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America at War

TermDefinition
Albert Einstein in 1939, in a letter to Roosevelt, he described the creation of a new type of bomb.
Anti-Semitism The Discrimination or violent hostility directed at the Jews
African Americans During WW2 Many employers required "whites only" ; June 25, 1941-Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802 which opened jobs-"without discrimination because of race, creed, color or national origin."
Auschwitz Place where 12,000 victims could be gassed and cremated in a single day.
Bataan Death March By April of 1942, they take all of the Bataan Peninsula and 76,000 Filipinos and American prisoners. They will force-march the prisoners 60 miles; Prisoner's are treated harshly denying them water/rest and many were beaten and tortured
Battle of Guadalcanal Aug.-Feb. 1943. U.S Marines Vs. Japan. It happened in Island within the Pacific Ocean. It happened to Destroy Japanese Airfields. The US won.
Battle of Normandy Largest and most famous battle ever. June 6,1944. British, U.S army's Vs. Germany. It happened to retake Europe from The West. The Allies won.
Battle of Okinawa April, 1945. U.S Marines Vs. Japan. It happened in the Islands within the Pacific ocean,and because it was the last obstacle before attacking the Japanese homeland.
Battle of Stalingrad Turning point of war. 1941-1943; Soviet Union's "Red Army" Vs. German Army. This happened in the USSR, The battle happened to stop German Expansion east ward. The Allies won.
Battle of the Bulge Largest and bloodiest battle of the war. Sept.-1944-Sept. 1945. British,U.S army's Vs. Germany. it happened at the Border of France and Germany, and to Break the last German offensive position. The Allies won
Concentration camps Places where political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions.
Ending War in Europe President Roosevelt suffers a stroke and dies. Vice President Harry S. Truman takes over the White House; Royal and American Air Force scatter bombs over Germany to frighten them; Soviets are first to reach Germany on the eastern border;Hitler->suicide.
Ending War in Pacific The Japanese will surrender on August 14, 1945, and Americans will celebrate V-J Day. The formal surrender takes place aboard the U.S. Missouri on September 2, 1945.
Financing War By Increasing Taxes; Borrowing money from banks and investors; Government held Bond drives collecting over $186 billion dollars.
Ghettos Or sealed off areas within a city where Jewish people were forced to live.
Harry Truman Vice President of The United States and he takes over the White House when Prsident Roosevelt suffers from stoke.
Henry Ford His company began making B-24 bomber planes.
Hiroshima The First target to drop the bomb. It was a Japanese military base.
Holocaust The systematic murder of European Jews.
Internment Camps The United States started to fear Japanese within the country, so to protect them they translated them to internment camps, where they were confined to remote areas along the wesr
Kristallnacht The night of the broken glass. German Police in the night would break the glass of Jewish buildings to make them have fear.
Manhattan Project The development of an atomic bomb. This was the name they used like a code in order to tell the workers to not tell them that they were working on an atomic bomb to kill people.
Nuremburg Laws stripped Jews of German citizenship; they outlawed marriage between Jews and non-Jews and encouraged boycotts of Jewish businesses.
Rationing Sugar, coffee and meats; Prices were regulated using rationing books; often families would grow victory gardens to supply themselves with fresh vegetables and allow the soldiers to have farm produced vegetables.
Rosie the Riveter Fictional icon created by the Government to attract female workers.
Selective Service and Training Act Required all males, 21-36, to register for military service; the selection of men was Limited each year; first time in history that the government held a peace time draft; A total of 16 Million Americans or GI's served as soldiers, sailors and aviators.F
Shortages Because of rationing , most consumer goods were limited; materials like, gasoline, metal, rubber were needed for the war (these also created recycling centers); This allowed Americans to feel they were involved in the war effort.
Transport to Concentration Camps They were brought by train in cattle cars, separated, and then either forced into a work camp or to the gas chambers.Poison gas was the most effective way for the Nazis to kill the Jews. Later their bodies were either thrown into a furnace and burned,
Victory Gardens because of rationing, food was limited, so people would grow victory gardens to supply themselves with fresh vegetables.
Women's roles during the War Went to work out of sense of patriotism; worked in Manufacturing jobs like planes, ships, etc.
Created by: 161710