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Chapter 2 & 3

Medical Terms and Anatomy for Central Service Technicians

QuestionAnswer
Hypophysectomy Excision of the pituitary gland
Neurectomy Excision of a nerve
Sympathectomy Excision of the sympathetic nerve
Chordotomy To cut into the spinal cord
Craniotomy To cut into the brain
Craniectomy To remove the cranial bone
Cranioplasty Repair of the skull
Vagotomy To cut into the vagus nerve
Ventriculoscopy Visual examination of the ventricles of the brain
Discectomy Removal of inter-vertebral disc tissue
Laminectomy Removal of the vertebral lamina to attain access to the spinal cord
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
BSO Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy
AKA Above the Knee Amputation
BKA Below the Knee Amputation
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CR Close Reduction
D&C Dilatation & Curettage
ORIF Open Reduction Internal Fixation
T&A Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy
TAH Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
TVH Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
THA Total Hip Arthroplasty
TKA Total Knee Athroplasty
TURP Trans-urethral Resection of the Prostate
CSF Cerebral Spinal Fluid
BMT Bilateral Myringotomy with Tubes
FESS Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Fx Fracture
I&D Incision & Drainage
LMA Laryngeal Mask Airway
ENT Ear, Nose, and Throat
TMJ Temporomandibular Joint
UPPP Uvulopalaropharyngoplasty
Hydrocelectomy Excision of hydocele
Cholecystectomy Excision of Gall Bladder
Cystectomy Excision of Urinary Bladder
Hemicolectomy Excision of half of the colon
Nephrectomy Excision of Kidney
Pancreatectomy Excision of Pancreas
Salpingo-Oophrectomy Excision of Fallopian tube and Ovary
Choledochotomy To cut into common bile duct
Cholecystomy To cut into the gall bladder
Cholelithotomy To cut into the Gall Bladder to remove stone
Colpotomy To cut into the vagina
Episiotomy To cut into the perineum
Lithotomy To cut into a duct or organ to remove stone
Pyelolithotomy To cut into kidney to remove stone
Pylormyotomy To cut into muscle of pylorus of stomach
Colpoplasty To reconstruct Vagina
Tuboplasty To reconstruct Fallopian tube
Colporrhaphy Surgical repair of vagina
Herniorrhaphy Surgical repair of hernia
Perinerorrhaphy Surgical repair of perineum
Cholecystojejunostomy To form a connection between the gallbladder and jejunum
Choledochojejunostomy To form a connection between a common bile duct and jejunum
Colostomy To make an opening in the colon
Duodenoduodenostomy To form a connection between two portions of the duodenum
Enterostomy To make an opening in the intestine
Gastroenterostomy To form a connection between stomach and intestine
Gastrojejunostomy To form a connection between the stomach and jejunum
Ileostomy To make an opening in Ileum
Ureterosigmoidostomy To form a connection between ureter and sigmoid colon
Colonoscopy To examine the colon from ileocecal valve to anus through an endoscope
Colposcopy To examine the vagina and cervix through an endoscope
Cystoscopy To examine the urinary bladder through an endoscope
Esophagoscopy To examine the esophagus through an endscope
Gastroscopy To examine the stomach through an endoscope
Laparoscopy To examine the abdominal and pelvic organs through an endoscope
Proctoscopy To examine the anus through an endoscope
Urethroscopy To examine the urethra lung through an endoscope
Hysteropexy Surgical fixation of the uterus
Nephropexy Surgical fixation of the kidney
Orchiopexy Surgical fixation of a testicle
Salpingopexy Surgical fixation of a Fallopian tube
Abdominoperineal Resection Removal of the rectum
Pelvic Exenteration Radial Removal of contents of the pelvis
Prostatectomy Excision of the prostate gland
Hysterectomy Excision of the uterus
Mastoidectomy Excision of mastoid cell
Stapedectomy Excision of the stapes
Myringotomy To cut into the Tympanic membrane
Septoplasty To repair the nasal septum
Tympanoplasty To reconstruct the middle ear
Antrostomy To make an opening in nasoantral window
Tracheostomy To make an opening in the trachea
Bronchoscopy To examine the lung through an endoscope
Layrngoscopy To examine the larynx through an endoscope
Enucleation Removal of an eyeball
Eviscersation Removal of the contents of the eyeball
Keratoplasty Cornea transplant
LeFort Fracture Repair of a facial fracture
Tonsillectomy Removal of the tonsils
Adenoidectomy Removal of the adenoids
Vitrectomy Removal of the vitreous humor in the eye
Parotidectomy Removal of the parotid gland
Thyroidectomy Removal of the thyroid gland
Glossectomy Removal of the tongue
Orthognathic Straightening the jaw
Myomectomy Excision of muscle tumor
Pneumnonectomy Excision of the lung
Sequestrectomy Excision of necrotic bone
Endarterectomy Excision of plaque lining an artery
Osteotomy To cut into bone
Phlebotomy To cut into a vein
Thoracotomy To cut into the chest
Valvulotomy To cut into a heart valve
Arthroplasty To reconstruct a joint
Blepharoplasty To reconstruct the eyelid
Rhinoplasty To reconstruct the nose
Z-plasty To reconstruct the skin
Tenorrhaphy Surgical repair of tendon
Bronchosocopy To examine the lung through an endoscope
Bypass Graft Surgical creation of a diversion for the bloodstream by suturing a graft to a blood vessel so that blood bypasses an obstructed or weakened portion of the vessel
Protacaval Shunt Surgical creation of anastomosis between portal and caval veins
Created by: shikkachi