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APHG- chap. 1


Cartography The science of map-making
Distance-Decay contact diminishes as distance increases
Distribution The arrangement of features in space
Formal Region aka uniform region, an area where everyone shares 1 or more characteristics
Functional Region aka nodal region, area around a node/focal point
Vernacular Region a place people believe exists b/c of their cultural identity
GIS Geographic Information system; typically focused in one area, more for details and not navigation, (New York crime)
GPS Global positioning system; uses satellites to find where you are on Earth
International Date Line 180* Longitude
Latitude Side to side, E W
Longitude Up and down, N S
Mercator Projection Direction is constant, better for navigation in the ocean
Robinson Projection Greenland problem
Prime Meridian 0* longitude (up and down)
Remote Sensing Using a satellite to map
Scale Feature's size compared to real life. (1 in=100 mi)
Site Physical characteristics of a place
Situation Location of a place RELATIVE to other places
Space-time compression how long it takes something to go somewhere
Toponym A name for a place on Earth, named for person, religion, origin, physical.
Large Scale Map zoomed in on small area, more detail
Small Scale Map zoomed out, bigger view of more area
Time Zones 15* for each new one, 24 total
Hearth Where innovation originates
Relocation Diffusion through physical movement
Hierarchical Diffusion through power (Catholic church)
Contagious Diffusion through population (disease)
Stimulus Diffusion spread of an underlying principal even though the OG idea failed
Isoline Maps maps drawn with line (elevation)
Proportional symbol Maps self explanatory
Dot Distribution Maps dots have dif. sizes
Chloropleth Maps color
Created by: Smcla
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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