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Chapter 27

TermDefinition
Jiang Jieshi leader of the nationalist Guomindang party in China, he was also known as Chiang Kai-Shek.
Mao Zedong leader of the communist party in China.
Long March a 6,000 mile trek through China traveled by Communists to find a safe place beyond Guomindang control.
Amritsar Massacre 1919 incident in which British soldiers opened fire on unarmed Indian demonstrators, killing 400 people and convincing many Indians that British rule must end.
Mohandas Gandhi leader of nonviolent movement in India against British rule.
Kemal Ataturk leader of the military effort to claim Anatolia for ethnic Turks, which led to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
Credit an arrangement in which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agrees to pay it back over time.
Black Tuesday October 29th, 1929, a day when investors sold off 16 million shares of stock, leading to a massive stock market collapse.
Great Depression severe downturn in the American economy that followed the 1929 stock market crash.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt U.S. President elected in 1932 who increased the government´s role in the economy and in the daily lives of Americas.
New Deal a government program that created jobs, spent more money on welfare and other relief programs, and regulated banking and the stock market.
John Maynard Keynes British economist who believed governments could limit or prevent economic downturns by spending money even if this caused an unbalanced budget.
Smoot- Hawley Tariff Act a 1930 act that placed heavy taxes on goods imported to the US in order to encourage Americans to buy goods made in the US.
Manchurian Incident plot in which Japanese military leaders, acting independently of the civilian government, took over the Chinese region of Manchuria.
Manchukuo a new state under Japanese control, formerly Manchuria.
Anti-Comintern Pact agreement between Germany and Japan to work together to oppose the spread of communism and aid each other in the event of attack by the Soviet Union.
Nanjing Massacre event in which Japanese soldiers murdered 300,000 Chinese men, women, and children after capturing the city of Nanjing.
Created by: kayleejackson