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PHLEBOTOMY LAB TEST

hpr 113

QuestionAnswer
ALDOLASE PURPOSE: skeletal muscle disorder,SPECIMEN red, HIGH muscular distrophy,LOW muscle waste
ALDOSTERONE PURPOSE detecting primary or secondary andosteronism,SPECIMEN EDTA,HIGH Cronn's disease ,LOW aldosterone difficiency
AMYLASE PURPOSE diagnose and monitor treatment of accute pancreatitis,SPECIMEN serum,HIGH occur in accute pancreatitis ,LOW pancreatic insufficiency
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE PURPOSEliver and bone disease,SPECIMEN serum,HIGH obstructive jaundice, LOW MALNEUTRITION
CBS PURPOSEcomplete blood count screening test,SPECIMEN EDTA anticoagulant ,HIGH white cell count indicates infections,LOW red cell count indicates anemia
CORTISOL STIMULATION PURPOSE: evaluates adrenal hormone function,SPECIMEN: serum ,HIGH implication hyperthyroidism,LOW implication of addison disease
ACID PHOSPHATASE PURPOSE: monitors the effectiveness of treatment of cancer of prostate,SPECIMEN: EDTA,HIGH: indicates that cancer has metastasized,LOW: not elevated in early prostatic disease
ABO PURPOSE: to determine blood type and grouping blood antigens,SPECIMEN: red, HIGH:- LOW:-
ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN PURPOSE: screens for coagulation disorders, SPECIMEN:BLUE, HIGH:prolonged occurs in liver disease, LOW: occurs in extensive cancer except in liver
ALCOHOL PURPOSE:to diagnose alcohol intoxication, SPECIMEN:serum, HIGH: overuse or overdose
AMMONIA PURPOSE:to diagnose Reyes disease, SPECIMEN:green/purple, HIGH:indicates Reyes syndrome, LOW:melagnant hypertension
ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY PURPOSE:screening for connective tissue or collagen disease, SPECIMEN:red tube, HIGH: considered positive, LOW:common with advancing age
BILIRUBIN PURPOSE: to determine dysfunction or blackage in the liver, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH:Gilbert's disease or cancer
BLEEDING TIME PURPOSE:diagnosing von willebrands disease, SPECIMEN:special, HIGH: platelets are quanitively abnormal,LOW:platelets are quanitively abnormal
BLOOD CULTURE PURPOSE: testing for bacteremia or septicemia, SPECIMEN:culture bottles, HIGH: positive, LOW: negiative or no growth after 7 days
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN PURPOSE: measures the nitrogen portion of urea, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: congestive heart failure, shock, LOW: liver failure (severe liver disease)
CALCIUM TEST PURPOSE: measures the concentration total of ionized calcum in the blood, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: hypercalcemia, LOW: hypercalcemia
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN PURPOSE: measures the nitrogen portion of urea, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: congestive heart failure, shock, LOW: liver failure (severe liver disease)
CORTISOL PURPOSE: evaluates adrenal hormone functions, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: adrenal hyperfunction, LOW: adrenal hypofunction
CALCIUM TEST PURPOSE: measures the concentration total of ionized calcum in the blood, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: hypercalcemia, LOW: hypercalcemia
CHOLESTEROL PURPOSE: to evaluate the risk for arthrosclerosis, myocardial occlusions and cornary artery occlusions, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: chronic renal failure, LOW: accute infections, illness
CORTISOL PURPOSE: evaluates adrenal hormone functions, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: adrenal hyperfunction, LOW: adrenal hypofunction
CREATIN KINASE (CK) PURPOSE: diagnosis of MI and is a reliable measure of skeletal and muscular disease, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: acute MI, cardioversion (defib), LOW: no diagnostic meaning
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN PURPOSE: measures the nitrogen portion of urea, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: congestive heart failure, shock, LOW: liver failure (severe liver disease)
CALCIUM TEST PURPOSE: measures the concentration total of ionized calcum in the blood, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: hypercalcemia, LOW: hypercalcemia
CHOLESTEROL PURPOSE: to evaluate the risk for arthrosclerosis, myocardial occlusions and cornary artery occlusions, SPECIMEN: serum, HIGH: chronic renal failure, LOW: accute infections, illness
CORTISOL
CREATININE PURPOSE: to assess renal function, SPECIMEN: Urine, HIFH: muscular distrophy, LOW: congestive heart failure
DIGOXIN PURPOSE: cardiovascular agent
ELECTROLYTES PURPOSE: monitor renal function fluid and electrolyte balance, SPECIMEN: urine, HIGH:Addison's disease, LOW:Cushing's Disease
FERRITIN PURPOSE: reflects the body iron stores, indicates total body iron status, SPECIMEN: venous, HIGH: inflammatory disease, LOW: iron deficiency anemia
OSMOLALITY PURPOSE: to asses an increase or decrease in fluid volume, SPECIMEN: plasma, serum, urine, HIGH: alcoholism, LOW: Addison's Disease
PHENYLKETONURIA PURPOSE: test for newborns to detect PKU, SPECIMEN: heel stick on filter paper, HIGH: indicates PKu
PROTHROMBIN PURPOSE: screen test in diagnostic coagulation studiesSPECIMEN: blueHIGH: severe liver disease
R H TYPING PURPOSE: to classify blood as RH negative or RH positiveSPECIMEN: red
RUBELLA ANTIBODY PURPOSE: to determine the immune status andconferm rubella infectionSPECIMEN: redHIGH: indicates the presents of rubella antibody,immunity, current rubellaLOW: negative patient is not immune to rubella
SEDIMENTATION RATE PURPOSE: used to measure the progress of an inflammation diseaseSPECIMEN: lavenderHIGH: infectionsLOW: normal
TRIGLYCERIDES PURPOSE: evaluates for possible artherosclerosisSPECIMEN: redHIGH: myocardial infarction (MI)
URIC ACID PURPOSE: evaluate renal failureSPECIMEN: redHIGH: sickle cell anemiaLOW: kidney disease
VITAMIN B 12 PURPOSE: to diagnose anemiaSPECIMEN: redHIGH: liver diseaseLOW: anemia
ALBUMIN PURPOSE: to evaluate nutritional statueSPECIMEN: light greenHIGH dehydrationLOW: overhydration
VDRL (VENERAL DISEASE RESEARCH LAB) PURPOSE: to diagnose and document therapy of syphilisSPECIMEN: redHIGH: positiveLOW: negative
HEMATRICRIT PURPOSE: indirect measuremens of RBC number and volumeSPECIMEN: lavenderHIGH: dehydrationLOW: anemia
COLD AGGLULTININS PURPOSE: diagnose infectious diseaseSPECIMEN: redHIGH: influenzaLOW:
HUMAN T-C LYMPHOTROPHIC VIRUS PURPOSE: diagnose certain types of leukemiasSPECIMEN: redHIGH: adult T-Cell leukimaLOW:
CREATININE CLEARANCE PURPOSE: measures the rate the kidneys clear creatinine from the bloodSPECIMEN: 24 hour unrine collection & redHIGH: burns LOW: hemorage
THYROXINE PURPOSE: to asses thyroid functionSPECIMEN: redHIGH: hyperthyroidLOW: hypothyroid
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE PURPOSE: to diagnose primary thyroidismSPECIMEN: redHIGH: primary hypothyroidismHOW: Sheehan's syndrome
GROWTH HORMONE PURPOSE: to identify GH deficiency or excess in adolescents with short/gigantic structureSPECIMEN: redHIGH: gigantismLOW: dwarfismh
GLUCOSE TOLERANCE PURPOSE: diagnose diabetesSPECIMEN: blood (gray) and urineHIGH: diabetes mellitusLOW: hypoglycemia
LACTOSE TOLERANCE PURPOSE: to identify patients that are lactose intollerantSPECIMEN; GRAY TOPHIGH: low: lactose insufficiency
C-PEPTIDE PURPOSE: to evaluate hypoglycemiaSPECIMEN: redHIGH: type 2 diabetesLOW: type 1 diabetes
LIPASE PURPOSE: to diagnose pancreatitisSPECIMEN: redHIGH: pancreatic disease
CALCITONIN PURPOSE: screening for family history of medullary cancerSPECIMEN: redHIGH: medullary cancer of the thyroid
SWEAT TEST PURPOSE: to diagnose cyctic fibrosisSPECIMEN: sweat 100ulHIGH: addison's disease
TESTOSTERONE PURPOSE: used as a marker for tusticular and ovarian tumorsSPECIMEN: redHIGH:tumors,male, testicular-female ovarian
PLATELET AGGREGATION PURPOSE: measures platelet functionsSPECIMEN: blueHIGH: Raynauds syndromeLOW: uremia
Created by: 1craftygrmy