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Renaissance

QuestionAnswer
Secularism A separation between state and religion
Humanism Way of life centered on human interests or values instead of religions
Renaissance The 'rebirth' of classical knowledge that started in Italy
Northern Renaissance The spread of the Italian Renaissance that reached the rest of Europe
Leonardo DaVinci An Italian Renaissance artist who created the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
Michelangelo An Italian Renaissance artist who created the Birth of Christ, David, and The Pieta
Albrechut Durer A German artist who brought artistic Italian Renaissance influence back to Germany
William Shakespeare The English author of sonnets, plays, and essays adapted the style of a Greek tragedy who wrote 'Merchant of Venice' and 'Romeo and Juliet'
Desiderius Erasmus One of the "fathers" of humanism who wrote in praise of folly and also encouraged the study of humans and society
Niccolo Machiavelli He is the father of modern political science, wrote The prince and also famous for stating "It is better to be feared then loved"
Nicolaus Copernicus He created the Heliocentric Theory stating that the sun was the center of the solar system and not Earth
Johannes Kepler Published the idea that planetary motion is in the form of the elliptical orbits around the sun
Isaac Newton Formulated the laws of gravity that helped to explain Kepler's theory of planetary motion as orbits depend on the gravitational force exerted by the mass of an object like the sun and a planet
Galileo Galilei Used telescope to confirm heliocentric theory, but was forced to recant his theory when face with prosecution by the Court of Inquisition
William Harvey Discovered that blood circulates throughout the body in a closed system