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WH Wynn Final Rev. C

WW II to the Present

49. Why was World War I more destructive and caused more loss of human life than earlier wars? New warfare technologies were used: poison gas, machine guns
50. Why did Russia drop out of World War I? The Bolsheviks took control of Russia and they withdrew from the war.
51. What was the goal of France and Great Britain with the Treaty of Versailles? Limit Germany’s military forces
52. How did the terms of the Treaty of Versailles lead to World War II? Germany experienced economic hardships and humiliation which Hitler exploited on his rise to power.
53. How did the Great Depression contribute to World War II? It led to the rise of fascism and militarism
54. What idea does fascism stress? nationalism
55. What were Stalin’s Five Year Plans? Stalin’s economic programs to increase industrial production & agricultural yields
56. Who did Stalin make a non-aggression pact or treaty with prior to World War II? Hitler
57. What action did the US government take against American citizens of Japanese ancestry after the Pearl Harbor bombing? They were relocated to internment camps.
58. What was the significance of the Battle of Midway? Turning point in the Pacific war against the Japanese in favor of the Allies.
59. What were the Nuremberg Trials? They held individual Nazis accountable for their actions during the war.
60. What purpose did the Truman Doctrine and NATO provide to Europe? Economic & military support to Europe to stop the spread of communism.
61. The Cold War developed as a result of conflicts between what 2 governments and nations? Democratic US government and the communist USSR government
62. What methods did Gandhi use to help India achieve its independence from Britain? nonviolence
63. What is the key issue that caused conflict between the Jews and Arabs in Israel? Both Jews & Arabs claim the same area as a homeland
64. How did the Arab nations react to the United Nations dividing Palestine into two parts? Arab nations attacked Israel
65. Why were the students in Tiananmen Square, China protesting? They wanted a democracy
66. What were the results of the protests in Tiananmen Square? Many were killed, jailed, or injured when attacked by the Chinese military
67. What was apartheid? South African segregation between whites and blacks
68. What leader was instrumental in getting apartheid abolished? Nelson Mandela
69. What is OPEC? Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
70. What is the WTO? World Trade Organization
71. What concept are OPEC and the WTO associated with? globalization
72. Why did the US get involved in the Persian Gulf War (1991)? To protect the US supply of Middle Eastern oil.
Created by: Ms.Wynn