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CRIM 475 Final

Theory and Politics of Terrorism Final

QuestionAnswer
The African American group, Moorish Nation, is most closely aligned with who? Sovereign Citizen Movement.
What were the first terrorists of the Ku Klux Klan were known as? Knight Riders.
Name the group of young individuals that embrace racial hatred and white supremacy. Skin Heads.
The Ku Klux Klan was created in the wake of what? The American Civil War.
Which of the following claims that white people must struggle to defeat the Jews and nonwhites races? Christian Identity.
Which of the following is the term used to describe white supremacists who either selectively use Bible passages or personal scriptural interpretations to justify the patriot agenda? Free-wheeling Fundamentalists.
According to FBI classification, domestic terrorism involves violent political extremism, lone wolf activities and what? Single-issue Terrorism.
Which one is NOT one of Brent Smith's categories of terrorism in the US? Transnational.
Vigilante terrorism, insurgent terrorism, and transnational are all typologies of what kind of terrorism? Domestic.
Anti-Abortion violence is a product of left-wing terrorism? False, right-wing.
Leftist movements have largely given way to single-issue groups in the U.S.? True
According to Peter Bergen, right-wing white supremacists and anti-government groups have killed more people than jihadists have in the US. True.
Vigilante terrorism stems from extremist right-wing views in the U.S. True.
The United States has a long history of political violence that has always been characterized as terrorism. False.
Scholarly research has show that what is important for recruitment into ISIS? Social Media.
Abu Bakr al Bagdadi entered into the Syrian Civil war in 2010 and changed ISI into what? ISIS.
Who went on a shooting spree at Fort Hood, Texas on November 5, 2009? Nidal Malik Hasan.
Who founded Al Qaeda in Iraq? Abu Musab al Zarqawi.
Which is one of the newest jihadist groups grown from the tangled political situation in Yemen, and it maintains cross-border ties with radicals in Saudi Arabia? AQAP.
Which of the following is a family in the tribal area of AFG that has relations with several militant groups and the ISI? Haqqani Network
AQIM formed from disaffected jihadists from a long civil war in what country? Algeria.
AQAP is the splinter group of what terrorist organization? AL Qaeda.
What is the name of the organization created by Osama Bin Laden and Ayman al Zawahiri that represents a variety of Jihadist groups? World Islamic Front Against Jews and Crusaders.
Who was the spiritual mentor of Bin Laden? Sayyid Qutb.
What is the Islamic group that governed Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001? The Taliban.
In the 1980s and 1990s, American right-wing extremist Louis Beam championed a concept called? Leaderless Resistance.
Which of the following, written by Abu Bakr Naji, is a guide for recreating the caliphate while terrorizing enemies without and within? A Management of Savagery.
The militant theology of Al Qaeda derives from the political-religious writings of? Qutb.
Which of the following is a do-it-yourself manual for global terrorism, written by Abu Musab al Suri? A Call to Global Islamic Resistance.
Which Egyptian educator who called for the overthrow of non-Islamic governments and the imposition of purified Islamic law based on the previous puritanical reformers? Sayyid Qutb.
Which organization was founded in 1928 to recapture the religious purity of the period of Mohammed and the four Rightly Guided Caliphs? Muslim Brotherhood.
Diverse Al Qaeda movements have appeared in different parts of the world, and their effectiveness is growing. True
The United States helped Saudi Arabia develop a funding mechanism and underground arms network to supply the Mujaheddin during the Soviet-Afghan war. True.
Al Qaeda, ISIS and a number of other militant groups follow a puritanical strain of Islam known as Jihadi Salafism. True.
Death Squads have been associated primarily with what kinds of activities? Right-wing.
Illegal military and police units who torture and kill suspected terrorists and their supporters are commonly referred to as? Death Squads.
What is the name applied to the region of Naxalite violence in India? West Bengal.
Beginning in 1980, this Maoist group launched a terrorist campaign in rural Peru. The Shining Path.
What group is responsible for the assassinations of six Americans in Tehran during the 1970's? Mujahedin-e-Kahlq (MEK)
The Mujahedin-e-Kahlq (MEK) was established in which country? Iran.
In 1964, a small group of Catholic priests joined an idealistic group of college students to form a new organization that would fight for social justice in Columbia, they called themselves: ELN.
Which is not a way that FARC raised funds? Charaties.
Rural Revolutionary guerillas generally incorporated selective terrorism in the traditions of Collins and Guervara.
What was a global movement expressing dissatisfaction in the wake of anti-colonialism? Revolutionary Terrorism.
Maoist terrorism is most appropriately classified as what? Revolutionary.
The New People's Army (NPA) is the longest running community insurgency in the world? True.
The shining path subscribed to Maoist ideology? True.
The FARC and ELN emerged as revolutionary groups in 1960s France? False.
As champions of revolutionary terrorism, the Tuparmaros were copied around the world, especially by groups in the United States and Western Europe? True.
After World War II, revolutionary terrorism was mainly composed of left-wing and Marxist movements? True.
What term best describes Hezbollah's organizational structure? Umbrella.
In October 1983, who struck the U.S. Marines and the French army, forcing them to withdraw multinational peacekeeping forces? Hezbollah.
When Israel first faced suicide bombings, the government implemented a controversial policy called bulldozing. True.
Suicide bombing became the most important tactic of all the Palestinian terrorist groups at the beginning of the al Aqsa Intifada. True.
Hezbollah International maintains an extensive international finance ring partially based on smuggling drugs, and other criminal activity? True.
The Revolutionary Guards were the militarized quasi-police force of the Revolutionary government during the Iranian Revolution. True.
What was the core reason for the Sunni-Shi'ite split in Islam? Questions over leadership.
Who used a mixture of repressive tactics and political strategies to consolidate his power in Iran, and is best understood within the Shi'ite tradition of Islam? Ayatollah Khomeini.
The Mau Mau movement would be most appropriately classified as what kind of movement? Nationalistic.
Boko Haram began in the northern Muslim region of: Nigeria.
Which is the tradition of orthodox Muslims who follow the Prophet and the early elders of the faith? Shi'itism.
What kind of terrorism refers to the artificial mixing of rival ethnic groups, tribes, nationalities or cultures in a nation-state. Endemic.
Which of the following refers to violent terrorism waged on the basis of a shared sense of common political unity, cultural traditional or ethnic freedom? Nationalistic Terrorism.
The Mau Mau movement succeeded in the field? False.
According to Bruce Hoffman, the politics and strategy of anti-colonial revolution in the twentieth century are the basis for modern terrorism? True.
Which group would be most appropriately classed as ethnic terrorists? The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), PKK
The Irish, Basque, and Sri Lankan conflicts all have a central focus that is primarily _______ in nature. Ethnic.
The LTTE were pioneers in the secular use of _____ bombings. suicide.
During the 1970's, the ETA developed a ______ Style campaign of assassination, robbery and banditry. Marighella.
According to the text, the ETA's first "attacks" involved: Grafitti.
Created by: 203802248