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BMMS-7history ch11

BMMS 7history chapter11

Mesoamerica Middle America, located between United States and South America
Yucatan Peninsula the land that stretches into the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico
elevation the height of land above sea level
slash-and-burn agriculture a method of clearing land for farming by cutting down trees and then burning them
maize a type of corn
cacao a tropical tree that produces the beans from which chocolate is made
Olmec a group of people who lived in Meso-america about 3,000 years ago
alluvial soil fertile soil deposited by rivers
glyph a picture that represents a word, syllable, or sound
mother culture a way of life that strongly influences later cultures
elite an upper class of priests and nobles
basalt a kind of volcanic rock in which the Olmec used to carve huge stone heads
Maya groups of Mesoamerican peoples who speak forms of the Mayan language
stele a stone monument containing glyphs representing important dates or events
Pacal II Mayan king who lived from A.D. 603 to 683
codex type of book written on bark paper
ItzamNa Mayan main god, they believed he created the world
mural large paintings applied directly to walls
Popol Vuh famous codex which tells the Mayan story of creation