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Chapter 4

The Human Body In Health And Disease

abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o front
brachi/o arm
cardi/o heart
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
chondr/i gristle, cartilage
cran/o, crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o distant
dors/o back
femor/o thigh, femur
gastr/o stomach
glute/o buttock
hom/o, home/o same
ili/o flank, hip, groin
infer/o below
inguin/o groin
later/o side
lumb/o loin, lower back
medi/o middle
organ/o tool
pelv/o bowl, basin
physi/o nature
pleur/o pleura, rib
poster/o back
proxim/o near
super/o above
thorac/o chest, thorax
tom/o to cut
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly
Superior Toward the head end or upper part of the body
Inferior infer/ ior Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body
Anterior (ventral) anter/ ior Toward the front or belly side
Posterior (dorsal) poster/ ior Toward the back
Medial medi/ al Toward the midline, which is an imaginary vertical line down the middle of the bod
Lateral later/ al Toward the side
Superficial super/ ficial External, toward the body surface
Deep Internal, inward from the surface of the body
Proximal proxim/ a Toward the origin of attachment to the trunk
Distal dist/ al Away from the origin of attachment to the trunk
regions regions of the body are areas that have been named to give healthcare workers the ability to communicate possible problems that may be revealed during a physical examination
thoracic region is the area of the chest
abdominal region is the area of the abdomen
Head Face, cranium
Neck Anterior neck, posterior neck
Upper appendages Shoulder, axilla (armpit), brachium (upper arm), elbow, antebrachium (forearm), carpus (wrist), manus (hand), digits (fingers)
Trunk Thorax, abdomen, pelvis, back
Lower appendages Gluteus (buttock), femorus (thigh), knee, crus (leg), tarsus (ankle), pes (foot), digits (toes)
hypogastric below the stomach
hypochondriac below the cartilage of the ribs
umbilical pertaining to the navel
abdomin abdomen
cardi heart
chondr gristle, cartilage
pelv bowl, basin
physi nature
chron/o time
path/o disease
Created by: ReeseTeese