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Most common causes

Most common causes of..... USMLE review

Addison's Autoimmune (infection 2nd)
Dissecting aneurysm Hypertension
Aortic aneurysm (abdominal and descending) Atherosclerosis
Ascending aortic aneurysm Tertiary syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults) Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (elderly) Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids) Haemophilus influenzae type B
Bacterial menigitis (newborns) E. coli
Cancer associated with AIDS Karposi's sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia 21-hydroxylase deficiency
Cretinism Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing's syndrome Corticosteroid therapy (excess ACTH secretion 2nd)
Death in CML Blast crisis
Death in SLE Lupus nephropathy
Dementia Alzheimer's (multi-infarct 2nd)
DIC Gram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection click Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Food poisoning S. aureus
Glomerulonephritis (adults) IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease)
Epidural hematoma Middle Meningeal Artery rupture (bleeding is fast)
Subdural hematoma Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; slow bleeding)
Hemochromatosis Multiple blood transfusions
Hepatic cirrhosis EtOH
Hepatocellular carcinoma Cirrhotic liver (often associated with Hep B and C)
Holosystolic murmur VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
Secondary hypertension Renal disease
Hypoparathyroidism Thyroidectomy (Iatrogenic)
Hypopituitarism Adenoma
Infection in blood transfusion Hep C
Infection in burn victims Pseudomonas
Adult leukemia AML
"Machine-like" murmur PDA
Mental retardation Down syndrome (Fragile X 2nd)
MI Atherosclerosis
Mitral valve stenosis Rheumatic heart disease
Myocarditis Coxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adult) Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic syndrome (kids) Minimal change disease
Opening snap Mitral stenosis
Osteomyelitis S. aureus
Osteomyelitis in pt with sickle cell disease Salmonella
Osteomyelitis with IVDA Pseudomonas
Actue Pancreatitis EtOH and gallstones
Chronic Pancreatitis EtOH (adults), CF (kids)
Peau d'orange Breast carcinoma
PID Neisseria gonorrhea (monoarticular arthritis)
Hospital acquired pneumonia Klebsiella
Pneumonia in burn victim or CF pt Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Preventable blindness Chlamydia
Primary amenorrhea Turner's syndrome (XO)
Primary hyperaldosteronism Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary hyperparathyroidism Adenoma
Pulmonary hypertension COPD
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause Cor pulmonale
Right-sided heart failure Left-sided heart failure
Sheehan's syndrome Postpartum pituitary infarct secondary to hemorrhage
SIADH Small cell carcinoma of the lung
UTI E. coli
UTI (young women) E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Created by: golfspy