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Most common....

Most common associations - USMLE review

QuestionAnswer
Bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA) S. aureus
Bacteria associated with cancer H. pylori
Bacterua found in GI tract Bacteroides (E coli second most common)
Brain tumor (adult) Mets > astrocytoma (including GBM) > meningioma > schwannoma
Infratentorial brain tumor (kids) Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Supratentorial brain tumor (kids) Craniopharyngioma
Breast cancer Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (1 in 9 US women will get it)
Breast mass (premenopausal) Fibrocystic change
Breast mass (postmenopausal) Carcinoma
Breast tumor (benign) Fibroadenoma
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt Klebsiella
Primary cardiac tumor (adults) Myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; "ball and valve")
Primary cardiac tumor (kids) Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac tumor (adults) Mets
Cardiomyopathy Dilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorder Down syndrome
Chronic arrythmia Atrial fibrillation (high risk of emboli)
Congenital cardiac anomaly VSD
Constrictive pericarditis TB
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis LAD > RCA > LCA
Early cyanosis Tetrology of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosis
Late cyanosis VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin; open with misoprostol)
Demyelinating disease Multiple sclerosis
Dietary deficiency Iron
Epiglottitis H. influenzae type B
Esophageal cancer Squamous cell carcinoma
Gene involved in cancer p53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosis Caucasians
Gynecologic malignancy Endometrial carcinoma
Heart murmur Mitral valve prolapse
Heart valve affected in baterial endocarditis Mitral
Heart valve affected in baterial endocarditis in IVDA Tricuspid
Heart valve in rheumatic fever Mitral (aortic 2nd)
Helminth infection (in US) Enterobius vermicularis (Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd)
Hereditary bleeding disorder von Willebrand's
Kidney stones Calcium (ammonium is 2nd)
Liver disease Alcoholic liver disease
Location of brain tumors (adult) Supratentorial
Location of brain tumors (kids) Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage disease Gaucher's disease
Male cancer Prostatic carcinoma
Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever Hodkin's lymphoma
Malignant skin tumor Basal cell carcinoma
Mets to bone Breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
Mets to brain Lung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell carcinoma), GI
Mets to liver Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung carcinomas
Motor neuron disease ALS
Neoplasm (kids) ALL (cerebellar medulloblastoma is 2nd)
Nephrotic syndrome Membranous glomerulonephritis
Obstruction of male urinary tract BPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDS Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Organ receiving mets Adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply), Liver 2nd
Orgran sending mets Lung > breast, stomach
Benign ovarian tumor Serous cystadenoma
Malignant ovarian tumor Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumor Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
ALL pt Child
CLL pt Adult >60yrs
AML pt Adult >60yrs
CML pt Adult 35-50 yrs
Hodkin's lymphoma pt Young male (female in nodular sclerosis type)
Minimal change pt Young child
Reiter's pt Male
Pituitary tumor Prolactinoma
Preventable cancer Lung cancer
Primary bone tumor (adult) Multiple myeloma
Primary hyperparathyroidism Adenomas
Primary liver tumor Hepatoma
Renal tumor Renal cell carcinoma
Secondary hyperparathyroidism Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
STD Chlamydia
Site of diverticula Sigmoid colon
Site of metastasis Regional lymph nodes
Sites of atherosclerosis Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin cancer Basal cell carcinoma
Stomach cancer Adenocarcinoma
Testicular tumor Seminoma
Thyroid cancer Papillary carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal fistula Lower esophagus (upper esophagus is blind pouch)
Tumor in men Prostate carcinoma
Tumor in women Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
Tumor of infancy Hemangioma
Tumor of adrenal medulla (adults) Pheochromocytoma (benign)
Tumor of adrenal medulla (kids) Neuroblastoma (malignant)
Type of Hodkin's Nodular sclerotic (vs. miced cellularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)
Type of non-Hodkin's Follicular, small cleaved
Vasculitis Temporal ateritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to thrombosis of opthalmic artery)
Viral encephalitis HSV
Vitamin deficiency (in US) Folic acid (body only stores 3-4 months supply; pregnant women at high risk)
Created by: golfspy
 

 



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