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Greece Achievements

Achievements in Ancient Greece

amphitheater a semi-circular building with tiers of seats around a central open area used for performances in ancient Greece
Colossus of Rhodes A 160 ft. tall statue of the Greek titan-god of the sun, Helios, erected at the mouth of the harbor on the island of Rhodes. Ships sailed through its legs. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 B.C.
Pharos Famous lighthouse of Alexandria that towered over 450 ft above the harbor. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Parthenon Famous temple of the goddess Athena located on the Acropolis in Athens. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Caryatids Famous architectural columns sculpted to look like female figures on the Erechtheum temple located on the Acropolis
Doric Straight, smooth and very simple column with no ornamentation at the top, and no pedestal at the base. One of 3 "orders" or styles of columns
Ionic Tall, grooved column with a pedestal base and a scrolled, decorative top. One of 3 "orders" or styles of columns
Corinthian The fanciest and shortest of the 3 "orders" or styles of Greek columns with carved flowers, vines, and leaves at the top, and a pedestal base.
amphora tall, terracotta pottery, handled jar used to transport wine, olive oil, and water
Greek fire a highly-flammable secret liquid mixture that was projected at enemy ships
comedy style of theater perfected by the Greeks that mocked men in power, drawing laughter from the audience
drama a literary work, such as a play, that tells a story and is performed by actors
tragedy style of Greek theater that dealt with the big themes of love, loss, pride, the abuse of power and the fraught relationships between men and gods.
Acropolis high, rocky, flat hill above Athens with temples and amphitheaters
physics branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy, studied by Greek philosophers like Aristotle and Archimedes.
geometry branch of mathematics practiced by Greek scholars such as Pythagoras and Euclid. Word meaning "Earth measurement".
geography Science devoted to the study of Earth's physical and human characteristics. Studied by Greek scholars such as Eratosthenes who calculated size of the Earth. Greek word meaning to "write about Earth".
logic mathematical system of thinking developed by Aristotle
Alexandria City built by the Greeks in Egypt at the mouth of the Nile River that became the center of learning and Hellenism in the ancient world.
Great Library of Alexandria Once the largest collection of knowledge in the ancient world, containing works by the greatest thinkers and writers of antiquity, including Homer, Plato, Socrates and many more. Destroyed in a huge fire around 2000 years ago.
Hellenism term for the spread of Greek culture across the ancient world after the death of Alexander
Created by: bottleguy