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Sacraments - Ch. 6

The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation

TermDefinition
conversion The first step of a sinner to repentance and returning in love to God the Father
confession Acknowledging and telling one's sins to a priest; an essential part of the Sacrament of Penance
penance A sign of our true sorrow for the sins we have committed; may be a prayer, an offering, a work of mercy, an act of service to neighbor, or a voluntary act of self-denial
forgiveness God's merciful pardon for our sins, welcoming us back into communion with him
reconciliation Being reunited in peace and friendship with someone we have hurt by our sins - especially God, the Church, and ourselves
righteousness The status of sinners who have been forgiven whereby we are saved from sin and restored to a loving relationship with the Father through the suffering and death of Jesus Christ
penitents People who admit their sins, are truly sorry for having sinned, and wish to be restored to the good graces of God and the Church
absolution The prayer by which a priest, by the power given to the Church by Jesus Christ, pardons a repentant sinner in the Sacrament of Penance
examination of conscience An honest assessment of how well we have lived God's covenant of love, which leads us to accept responsibility for our sins and to realize our need of God's merciful forgiveness
Ten Commandments Rules that God gave to the Israelites through Moses, which told the people how they were to live in relation to God and to one another
fornication Sexual intercourse between an unmarried man and an unmarried woman
restitution The act of repairing, restoring, or paying for any damage our sins have inflicted on others or their property
contrition Heartfelt sorrow and aversion for sins committed, along with the intention of sinning no more; the most important act of penitents and is necessary for receiving absolution in the Sacrament of Penance
concupiscence An inclination to commit sins that can be found in human desires and appetites as a result of Original Sin
personal sins Any sins committed by an individual, which can include one's thoughts, attitudes, words, and actions
mortal sins Serious violations of God's law of love that result in the loss of God's life (sanctifying grace) in the soul of the sinner; to commit these sins, there must be grave matter, full knowledge of the evil done, and full consent of the will
venial sins Sins that weaken and wound our relationship with God but do not destroy divine life in our souls
moral object Either good moral actions or evil actions; it answers the "what" question of morality and can objectively determine if an action is right or wrong
sacramental seal The secrecy priests are bound to keep regarding any sins confessed to them
Act of Contrition A prayer, either formal or informal, penitents pray at the Sacrament of Penance to express sorrow for their sins
Purgatory Purification after death for those who died in God's friendship but still need to be purified because of past sins before entering heaven; it is also called "the Church suffering"
Communion of Saints The unity of all those living on earth (the Church militant), those being purified in Purgatory (the Church suffering), and those enjoying the blessings of Heaven (the Church triumphant)
excommunication A serious penalty that means a baptized person is no longer "in communion" with the Catholic Church
apostasy The denial of Christ and the repudiation of the Christian faith by a baptized person
heresy False teaching that denies essential truth of the Catholic faith
schism A break in Church unity from the failure to accept the pope as the Vicar of Christ
almsgiving The act of giving money or material goods to anyone who is needy
Created by: echowsj
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