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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

World History Industrialism and a New Global Age

Alfred Nobel a Swedish chemist who invented dynamite in 1866
Michael Faraday an English chemist who created the first electric motor in the 1800s
dynamo a machine that is used to generate electricity
Orville and Wilbur Wright American bicycle makers who designed and flew an airplane in 1903, ushering in the air age.
Guglielmo Marconi an Italian inventor who developed the radio in the 1890s
stock shares of a company
corporation business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment.
Cartel a group of companies that join together to control the production and price of a product.
germ theory the idea that certain microbes cause specific infectious diseases
Louis Pasteur a French chemist who showed the link between microbes and disease and developed vaccines against rabies and anthrax
Robert Koch a German doctor who identified the bacterium that caused tuberculosis
Florence Nightingale an army nurse in the Crimean War who worked to introduce sanitary measures in British hospitals and founded the world’s first school of nursing
Joseph Lister the English surgeon who discovered how antiseptics prevent infection
urban renewal the process of fixing up the poor areas of a city
mutual-aid society a self-help group formed to aid sick or injured workers
standard of living a measure of the quality and availability of necessities and comforts in a society.
cult of domesticity a message put forth by books, magazines, and popular songs that idealized women and the home
temperance movement a campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
Elizabeth Cady Stanton a reformer who helped organize a movement for women’s rights
women’s suffrage women’s right to vote
Sojourner Truth an African American suffragist ( working for voting rights )
John Dalton an English Quaker schoolteacher who developed modern atomic theory in the early 1800s, showing that each element has its own kind of atoms
Charles Darwin the British naturalist who in 1859 published On the Origin of Species, in which he set forth the theory of evolution through natural selection
racism the belief that one racial group is superior to another
social gospel a movement that urged Christians to social service
Created by: Falcon86tn