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Ancient Egypt

TermDefinition
Nile River longest river on earth, begins at the delta with the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt
Egypt ancient civilization in northeast Africa
pharaohs rulers of ancient Egypt, believed by Egyptians to be gods
Great Pyramid of Giza largest pyramid, built by Khufu; one of the 7 Wonders of the World
Hatshepsut first female pharaoh; often dressed like a man
Sphinx legendary creature with man's head and lion's body; many statues throughout Egypt; largest and most famous one at Giza
Ramses II pharaoh known for building many monuments to himself; signed the world's first peace treaty
King Tutankhamen young pharaoh whose tomb was discovered intact and full of treasures
sarcophagus stone coffin containing a mummy
embalmer person whose job it is to mummify dead bodies
nobles people of high social status
afterlife a concept believed in by ancient Egyptians regarding life after death; drove Egyptian practices of mummificaiton and burial
mummies dead bodies that have been preserved
pyramids monumental structure with square base and triangular sides; used in ancient Egypt as tombs for pharaohs
engineering application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes; used in ancient Egypt to design and build sophisticated structures as monuments and tombs
social classes groups in society ranked by factors such as wealth, property, and rights
hieroglyphs writing system of picture symbols that represent words, ideas, or phonetic sounds
Created by: jfrederick