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Ch 22 Vocab

TermDefinition
Estate One of the three classes into which French society was divided before the Revolution: the clergy (First Estate) the nobles (second estate) and the townspeople (Third Estate)
Taille An annual direct tax usually on land or property that provided a regular source of income for the French monarchy
Bourgeoisie The middle class including Merchants industrialists and professional
Sans-culottes "without breeches" members of the Paris commune who consider themselves ordinary Patriots (in other words they wore long trousers instead of the fine knee length breeches of the Nobles)
National Assembly A revolutionary assembly form of the representatives of the Third Estate
Tennis Court Oath National Assembly took this vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require,until the constitution of the kingdom is established."
Declaration of Rights of Man and citizen An important document of the French Revolution
Electors An individual qualified to vote in an election
Coup d'etat A sudden overthrow of the government
Consulate Government established in France after the overthrow of the directory in 1799 Napoleon as first Consul in control of the entire government
Nationalism the unique cultural identity of the People based on common language religion and National symbols
Conservatism A political philosophy based on tradition and social stability favoring obedience political Authority and organized religion
Principle of intervention Idea that great powers have the right to send armies into countries where there are revolutions to restore legitimate government
Liberalism A political philosophy originally based largely on principles holding that people should be as free as possible from government restraint and that civil liberties the basic rights of all people should be protected
Napoleonic Wars A series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies led by Napoleon I against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions financed and usually led by Great Britain
1789 French Revolution A period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France
Storming of the Bastille July 14th 1789
The reign of terror That part during the French Revolution when everyone got their heads chopped off
Maximilien Robespierre A French lawyer and politician one of the best known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the reign of terror
Louis XVI The last king of France before the French Revolution after which the victors renamed him Louis Capet during the final weeks of his life
Marie Antoinette The last queen of France before the French Revolution
Committee of Public Safety Formed by the de facto executive government in France during the reign of terror
The directory A five-member committee which governed France from 1795 when to replaced the Committee of Public Safety until it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte and the coup of 18 brumaire and replaced by the French Consulate
Napoleon Bonaparte The French Statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Code The French civil code established under Napoleon I in 1804
Battle of Waterloo Sunday June 18th 1815 near Waterloo in present day Belgium then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Napoleon's 100 days The period between Napoleon's return from Exile on the island of Elba to Paris on March 20th 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on July 8th 1815 (actually a period of 111 days but you know 100 days has it better into it)
Created by: Wallaby