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Chapter 3

Mesopotamia: Study List

How did cuneiform develop? Developed by Sumerians, they wrote on clay tablets using a sharp tool, called a stylus, to make wedge-shaped symbols. The symbols got more complex, making them more into straight lines
Define "Mesopotamia". In the Greek language, "meso" means: in between rivers
Where is Mesopotamia located? In between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Why are rivers important to a civilization in Mesopotamia? Because the people depended on it for fertile land, water, and silt
How were the rivers controlled? Farmers used irrigation to supply, and store water
What was the world's first empire? The Sumerians
What was the world's first system of writing? Cuneiform
What was the importance of scribes in the Sumerian society? They keep track of everything (trades, records, etc)
What was at the center of every Sumerian city-state? Ziggurats
What was the significance of ziggurats? To worship gods
What was the significance of Hammurabi's Code? It was a list of laws, for people to know what to do and what not to do.
How did the Phoenician alphabet spread? They traded using the sea, and spread the alphabet to many areas
Created by: rclaxton05