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WR--Islam #2

DSST World Religions

QuestionAnswer
Abu Bakr The first of the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs, he was an early believer and follower of Mohammed who became a close advisor to him. He became the first successor to Mohammed following Mohammed's death.
Ali After Mohammed's death, the first major split among Moslems occured because he thought the caliphate should have gone to him since he was Mohammed's closest male relative. After his murder in 660, his followers split and became known as Shiites.
Ayatollah A Shiite who is learned in Sharia, Koran, and the Hadith, and who is known for their piety. This person is considered by his followers as the most learned person of his time period, which gives him the authority to make independent judgments.
Caliph The title used by the people who took over the leadership of the Umma after the death of Mohammed. They are not the spiritual leader of the community nor are they a prophet like Mohammed.
David Islam views this Biblical king as a prophet.
Dervish A Sufi ascetic, in the Muslim tradition.
fakir literally “poor man”; member of a Muslim monastic order such as Sufism
Four Rightly Guided Caliphs These are Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. They are the first four leaders of Islam after the death of Mohammed. They took the title "caliph" to make it clear that they were not a prophet like Mohammed.
Hadith One of various reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Islamist A person seeking to establish Islamic states in which the rule of God is supreme.
Jinn Spiritual creatures in pre-Islamic Arabia. Some could be friendly; others were hostile and demonic. "Genies"
Moghul Empire Muslim rule of portions of India between the 16th and 18th centuries AD.
Mullah In Sunni Islam, a scholar who is learned in the Sharia.
Seal of the Prophets Mohammed is the final prophet-- in the line of Islamic prophets that goes back through Jesus, David, and Moses to Adam. The teachings Allah gave through him--the Koran-- are the final revelation to humanity.
shirk The sin of believing in any divinity except the one God, in Islam.
Sufism The mystical and ascetic path in Islam.
sura The Arabic term for a chapter in the Koran.
Zakat Almsgiving. Spiritual tithing in Islam.
Abrahamic religions Judaism, Christianity, & Islam are called this because they trace their history to the Covenant God made with Abraham
salat 5 daily prayers recited int he direction of Mecca
sawm fasting during Ramadan
Wahhabi first modern Islamic fundamentalist and extremists linked to Taliban and Osama bin Laden
Muslim Brotherhood largest Islamic political group and most influential fundamental movement that promotes full implementation of Islamic law
Baha'i began as a sect of Islam by Baha'u'llah & emphasizes unity of all people.
Injil (injeel) the Arabic name for the Gospel of Jesus. It is described by the Qur'an as one of the four Islamic holy books revealed by God
Created by: pinetreeacademy