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AP HUG CH. 4
|Is cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture.
|Is the idea that humans can adapt their agricultural practices to the needs of the society or the environment.
|Architecture and housing styles (folk and pop cultures)
|Refers to different styles of housing.
|Are usually simple objects (such as tools or ornaments) showing human workmanship or modification as distinguished from a natural object.
|Is the process through which people loose original traits (dress, speech, mannerisms) when they come in contact with another society or culture.
|Is the quality of being authentic; genuineness. Authentic is having an origin supported by unquestionable evidence; authenticated; verified.
|Was an american geographer who was an authority on desert studies, tropical areas, the human geography of American Indians, and agriculture and native crops of the New World.
|The dominant first arrivals establishing the cultural norms and standards against which other immigrant groups were measured.
|Culture (Cultural Geography)
|Is the body of material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.
|Is the act of taking or using things from a culture that is not your own, especially without showing that you understand or respect this culture.
|The process though which something is given monetary value. Giving a price tag or value to something that was not previously perceived as having a money-related value.
|The sharing of technologies, organizational structures, etc. among widely separated societies in a modern world united by instantaneous communication and efficient transportation.
|Cultural Core -Periphery pattern
|The core-periphery idea that the core houses the main economic power of the region and the outlying region and that the periphery houses the lesser economic ties with the semi-periphery in-between the two.
|Cultural Determinism vs. Possibilism Cultural Possibilism
|Is the idea that the cultural environment places limits on the set of choices available to people while Cultural Determinism is the belief that cultural influences determine the behaviors of people.
|Cultural Diffusion (Spatial Diffusion)
|Is spread of cultural ideas from one society to another.
|Is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group.
|Cultural Landscape (Built Environment)
|Is the modification of the natural landscape by human activities.
|The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network.
|Is the entire region that displays the characteristics of a culture.
|Are areas marked by cultures that distinguish them from other regions.
|Is the rebirth and/or revitalization of a culture or cultural characteristics.
|Are repetitive acts of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group, such as many students typically wearing jeans to class.
|Environmental Determinism vs. Possibilism Environmental Possibilism
|Is the idea that the environmental environment places limits on the set of choices available to people while Environmental Determinism is the belief that environmental influences determine the behaviors of people.
|Is a particular ethnic affiliation or group.
|Is traditionally practiced primarily by small, homogeneous groups living in isolated rural areas.
|Is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
|Are regions marked by uniformity, but they are also a region/area sharing one or more physical or cultural feature (uniform region).
|Are areas organized around a node. The characteristic chosen to define this region dominates at a focal point and diminishes in importance outward. This region is tied to the center point by transportation/communication systems or by economic association.
|Is social differences between men and women, rather than the anatomical, biological differences between the sexes.
|Are repetitive acts that a particular individual performs, such as wearing jeans to class every day.
|Is the region from which innovative ideas originate.
|Occurs when the diffusion innovation or concept spreads from a place or person of power or high susceptibility to another in a leveled pattern.
|Human-‐ Environmental Interaction (Cultural Ecology)
|Is the study of the relationship between a culture group and the natural environmental it occupies.
|Are traits that many cultural hearths develop independently of each other.
|Are ethnic groups who are the original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
|Material vs. Non-material culture
|Material Culture is the art, etc. created by a social group. Physical items produced by people in a social group reflect their traditions while Non-material Culture is the oral traditions, along with its customary behaviors of a social group.
|Occurs when two cultures of just about equal power or influence meet and exchange ideas or traits without the domination seen in acculturation and assimilation
|Uniform landscape (A.K.A. Placelessness)
|A hypothetical portion of the earth's surface assumed to be an unbounded, uniformly flat plain with uniform and unvarying distribution of population, purchasing power, transport costs, accessibility, and the like.