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Surgical Assisting

Mod B unit 2

 Pathogen- Disease producing microorganism.
 Bactericidal Ability to destroy disease-causing bacteria
 Aseptic Germ free
 Immunity Resistance to disease
 Sanitization Cleans an item but does no destroy microorganisms or bacteria.
 Biopsy The removal of tissue for the purposes of determining the presence of cancerous (malignant) cells.
 Cryosurgery of freezing temperatures from a probe to destroy abnormal cells
 Hyfreactors Small electrocautery units used to perform minor cautery procedures in the medical office.
 Incision Surgical cut into the tissue.
 Invasive Enters the skin
 Anaerobic Microorganism which thrives best or lives without oxygen
 Aerobic Microorganism which is able to live in the presence of oxygen
 Syndrome A set of symptoms or disorders which occur together and indicate the presence of a disease.
 Nosocomial- Infection that is acquired after a person has entered the hospital. It is caused by the spread of an infection from one patient or person to another
 Lymphocytes Type of white blood cell in the vertebrate immune system
 Electorcautery - Destroys tissue and controls bleeding by coagulation
 Autoclave An effective means of sterilization in the medical offica. There are three types steam under pressure, dry heat, and dry gas or radiation
 Probe - An instrument used to explore wounds and cavities usually with a curved, blunt point to facilitate insertion
 Suture- Thread material that are used to bring together a surgical incision or wound until healing takes place.
 Scrub assistant A sterile assistant
 Surgical assistant A clean assistant durning a surgery.
 Abrasion Wound in which outer layers of skin are rubbed away due to scraping. Will generally heal without scarring.
 Laceration Wound in which the edges are torn in an irregular shape. Can cause profuse bleeding and scaring.
When should the surgical gear be prepared? The day before
What is the diffrence between Medical asepsis and surgical asepsis? Medical is clean Surgical is sterile.
CDC Centers of Disease Controle
OSHA Occupational Health and Safety Administraition
communitable Capable of being transmitted from one individual to another.
Diffrence between direct and indirect? direct is Actual contact, indirect is through inhaling or touching droplets
Virus Smallest living organism
Protozoa Largest of the one-celled microorganisms.
Major things used for sterile or asepsis Chemical or physical (autoclaving, Sterile feilds, Cidex)
Swagged needles Needle and suture materials are combined (one length)
Plain Cat Gut Sutures Absorbs the fastest.
Where do we cut the knot? 1/8 to 1/4 above the knot
Another name for ladicain Zidicain
When it comes to sutures the bigger the number the _________ to suture. smaller
Jopheph Lister found Carbolic Acid
Kelly Hemostate Clamp to hold or pull tissue out of the way. Serrations do not go all the way down the jaw.
Allis Tissue foreseps Grasps tissue with its teeth. holds it securly with its ratchet handles.
What is a probe used for? Used to explore wounds and cavities usually curved blunt point
I&D Insision and dranage
When Scrubbing in use what temp water? Warm
Cocci round
Diplococci Grows in pairs
Streptococci Grows in chains
Staphylococci Grows in clusters
Bacilli Rod shaped
Spirilla Spiral Shaped
Created by: Jessierose